Mar 24, 2016
This study identifies the current universe of federal employment programs and resources available to reserve component members, assesses the gaps and overlaps in those programs and resources, and develops recommendations for how the U.S. Department of Defense and the federal government as a whole can improve efforts to provide job placement assistance and related employment services to reserve component members.
As required by the 2015 National Defense Authorization Act, this report examines the efforts of the Department of Defense (DoD) to directly provide job placement assistance and related employment services to members of the reserve components.
The authors of Review of the Provision of Job Placement Assistance and Related Employment Services to Members of the Reserve Components accounted for the key characteristics of the federal programs, resources, and offices that provide job placement assistance and related employment services to reserve component members. For each program, resource, and office, the authors identified the types of services provided, the intensity of those services, and the populations that are served. The authors then assessed this summary information to determine where gaps and overlaps might exist. The authors also conducted informational discussions with key stakeholders from each of the major agencies that provide job assistance to reserve component members.
The authors found 40 federal programs, resources, and offices that provide job placement assistance that can be accessed by reserve component members. The bulk of the job placement assistance and related employment services available to reserve component members are provided by agencies in DoD, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Veterans Affairs. A broad set of services is covered by existing programs, and the stakeholders did not perceive any significant gaps among the many federal programs and resources that are available, but the authors did find some potential areas of overlap. There are many programs providing basic employment services, and while several of these programs target different populations and offer unique approaches to service provision, these programs could potentially represent overlap. In addition, there are a number of programs that offer slight variations on very similar tools and resources, and these resources could potentially be streamlined to cut costs and ensure consistency in information.
Overview of Federal Employment Programs for Reserve Component Members
Gaps and Overlaps in Federal Job Placement Assistance for Reserve Component Members
Recommendations for Improving Federal Job Placement Assistance for Reserve Component Members
Summary Table of Federal Job Assistance Programs, Resources, and Offices
Literature Review Data-Abstraction Form
Informational Discussion Protocol
Program Data Sources