Download eBook for Free

Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.8 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Summary Only

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.2 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback52 pages $19.95

Research Question

  1. How can U.S. military intelligence personnel analyze motion imagery data more efficiently?

This report defines and investigates the potential of motion imagery processing and exploitation (MIPE) systems, which can help U.S. military intelligence analysts optimize their response to the current information deluge and enable them to continue to exploit a wide range of motion imagery collections. The authors define MIPE as the collection of capabilities and enabling technologies, tools, and systems that aid analysts in the detection, identification, and tracking of objects of interest (OOIs), such as humans and vehicles; in the identification of activities of interest (AOIs); and in the characterization of relationships between and among OOIs and AOIs in live and archival video. The authors examined the needs of motion imagery analysts, identified MIPE capabilities that could assist in meeting those needs, and assessed the technical readiness of MIPE systems. Recommendations include using MIPE systems to focus analysts' attention on significant video frames, investing in systems that take advantage of many sources of information, and standardizing MIPE test plans.

Key Findings

These Recommendations Can Help Alleviate the Burden on Personnel Analyzing Motion Imagery

  • Use motion imagery processing and exploitation (MIPE) systems to focus analysts' attention on significant video frames.
  • Focus on specific target sets and environments.
  • Invest in systems that take advantage of many sources of information.
  • Standardize MIPE test plans by using metrics and truthed data sets.
  • Take advantage of near-term MIPE capabilities, such as background subtraction.

Research conducted by

The research reported here was sponsored by the United States Air Force and conducted by RAND Project AIR FORCE.

This report is part of the RAND research report series. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.