- What factors could increase or decrease the likelihood of success in integrating active and reserve component staff organizations?
Integrating active and reserve component military staff organizations — for the purpose of achieving greater efficiency, making standards and practices more consistent, or ensuring commonality of purpose — can present significant challenges. A RAND Corporation study undertook a literature review and analysis of several case studies to examine factors that could increase the likelihood of success in such organizational integrations. The resulting best practices can serve as a framework for undertaking and assessing these integrations.
The Literature on Organizational Change and Cases Studies Suggest Several Best Practices That Can Improve the Chances of Successfully Integrating Active and Reserve Component Staff Organizations
- Those best practices are as follows: Establish the need and the vision for change; create a coalition to support the change; communicate the vision; develop an implementation strategy, including goals and measures; link the vision and structure; embed the changes in the new culture; manage the integration of cultures; maintain momentum; remember the importance of people; assess progress and adjust accordingly; establish unity of command; address statutory barriers; and collocate active and reserve component personnel in integrated organizations.
- Establish the need and the vision for change. Articulate the need for change, and adopt a clear vision for the integration.
- Create a coalition to support the change.
- Communicate the vision. Communicate the vision for the integration regularly.
- Develop an implementation strategy, including goals and measures. Develop a strategy for implementing the integration that includes clear goals and measures of success.
- Link the vision and the structure. Ensure that the planned organizational structure is consistent with the vision for the integration.
- Embed the changes in the new culture.
- Manage the integration of cultures. Work to develop a total force culture in the integrated organization.
- Maintain momentum.
- Remember the importance of people.
- Assess progress and adjust accordingly.
- Establish unity of command. Establish unity of command to the greatest extent possible in the integrated organization.
- Address statutory barriers. Explicitly consider statutory barriers and potential work-arounds.
- Collocate active and reserve component personnel in integrated organizations.
Table of Contents
The Total Force and Total Force Integration
Integrating and Changing Organizations Successfully
Active and Reserve Component Integration in the Air Force
Active and Reserve Component Integration in the Army
Active and Reserve Component Integration in the Coast Guard
Active and Reserve Component Integration in the Marine Corps
Active and Reserve Component Integration in the Navy
Findings and Recommendations for Future Integration Efforts