Jul 9, 2018
This study uses a rapid-evidence review process to identify evidence on bus fare and journey time elasticities and diversion factors for all modes (diversion factors quantify the impact of changes on one mode on the demand for other modes and for new trips). It uses a systematic search procedure to identify relevant academic and grey literature through structured database searches, as well as making enquiries to experts in the field to identify material, such as unpublished studies. The study focuses on material produced in or that is relevant to the UK. Little recent evidence on bus fare elasticities (in the UK) — and little evidence on bus journey time elasticities generally — was identified in the systematic search process. However, a substantial database of diversion-factor evidence was identified and collated. Recommendations are provided, based on analysis of the available evidence. In general, we find that the evidence on diversion factors is very diverse, covering a wide range of mainly metropolitan geographies, trip purposes, journey types and alternative transport options.