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Research Questions

  1. How effective is Dance4Life at supporting its franchisees in the aims of the programme?
  2. How effective are the franchisees at supporting Champions4Life in the aims of the programme?

Dance4Life is an international initiative working with 15 partner organisations in 13 countries to provide young people with knowledge, skills and confidence to protect their health and promote safe sexual choices, with a particular focus on mobilising young people against the spread of HIV/AIDS. In 2017, Dance4Life developed both a new programme and a new approach to implementing the programme. Dance4Life piloted the new curriculum and organisational set-up from September 2017 to June 2018 in four countries: Ghana, Nepal, Russia and Tanzania.

To develop their understanding of the pilots testing the new programme and its implementation, Dance4Life commissioned RAND Europe to carry out a process evaluation. The process evaluation headline questions were:

  • How effective is Dance4Life at supporting its franchisees in the aims of the programme?
  • How effective are the franchisees at supporting Champions4Life in the aims of the programme?

These evaluation questions and related sub-questions were addressed through the following data collection methods: (i) data collection with Dance4Life (ongoing calls, meetings, briefings and a document review); (ii) data collection with franchisee organisations (interviews and ecological momentary assessments); and (iii) data collection with Champions4Life (focus groups and surveys).

Key Findings

How effective is Dance4Life at supporting its franchisees in the aims of the programme?

On the whole, franchisees perceived Dance4Life support as effective. A key limitation in answering this question stemmed from the fact that the financial relationship between Dance4Life and the pilot franchisees was not a 'fully-fledged' social franchise, as Dance4Life was providing financial support to franchisees. That said, franchisees still tried to engage potential funders, but found a key barrier was convincing potential funders about the model and its value for money.

While bearing that in mind, the start-up package and support for implementation appear to be sufficient for the franchisees to implement the model. Contextualisation of the programme was seen as successful overall. Finally, areas for improvement suggested by franchisee and Champion4Life responses include more extensive translation and piloting of the curriculum.

How effective are the franchisees at supporting Champions4Life in the aims of the programme?

Champions4Life reported that they were effectively supported by franchisees. They had positive feedback about the training and ongoing support, saying it helped them become effective facilitators. In terms of motivation, Champions4Life reported a number of factors, including the stipend they received.

There were a number of areas for improvements to different aspects of the programme that Champion4Life pointed to. For instance, training was not always seen as sufficiently long enough to cover content on SRHR, and did not include specific guidance on managing large groups. In addition, the majority of Champions4Life described challenges with finding sufficient time to deliver sessions and challenges in referring Agents4Life to health services.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction and background

  • Chapter Two

    Methodology

  • Chapter Three

    Findings on Dance4Life support for franchisees

  • Chapter Four

    Findings on franchisee support for Champions4Life

  • Chapter Five

    Cross-cutting findings on Journey4Life curriculum and its implementation

  • Chapter Six

    Conclusion and recommendations

  • Appendix A

    Pilot timelines

  • Appendix B

    Descriptions of reviewed documents

  • Appendix C

    Data collection protocols

  • Appendix D

    Overview of results

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was commissioned by Dance4Life and conducted by RAND Europe.

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