RAND experts have analyzed data from the Department of Defense's flagship survey for understanding the health, health behaviors, and well-being of service members. The results provide valuable insights across various health-related topics and about personnel by service branch.
By investigating relationships between sexual mobility and sexual transmitted infection risk factors, we found that STI history, number of sexual partners, and substance use are associated with increased odds of interstate sexual encounters.
We analyzed a natural experiment of 1270 students who applied to charter school lotteries in low-income communities in Los Angeles. Results provide evidence that school environments can improve risky behaviors for low-income minority adolescents.
We surveyed 1159 adolescents age 14–17 attending high school in low income neighborhoods of Los Angeles. School academic performance was associated with social culture regarding popular behaviors, monitoring of school rules, and school order.
Characteristics of romantic relationships and contraceptive use were examined among 1,043 female and 961 male Add Health respondents. Females (but not males) were less likely to use condom with partners not from their schools or older partners.
Individuals convicted of driving under the influence (DUI) having networks with more substance use individuals had greater substance use and drinking and driving behaviors. Network support was associated with lower drinking and driving.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on a variety of behaviors considered during personnel investigations. The authors suggest ways to adjust the baseline of risk considerations for better identification of risky behavior.
Combining a novel measure of market size with two shocks to U.S. federal enforcement policy, researchers find that legal medical market growth increases youth cannabis use and alcohol-involved car accidents, suggesting complementarities for youths. It’s unclear whether these results apply to cannabis legalization for nonmedical purposes.
This paper describes a clinical suicide risk screening pathway for adult primary care practices. We also provide guidance to aid primary care practices in their decisions about how to implement the clinical pathway.
Substance use disorders are common among sex trafficking victims. Drugs or alcohol may be used to lure, coerce, or control them, and they may use substances to cope with trauma. This creates barriers to accessing treatment, support services, and assistance from criminal justice agencies.
This paper uses data from the 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty service members to explore associations between alcohol culture and excessive alcohol use, serious consequences, risky driving behaviors, and productivity loss.
We developed a COVID-19 transmission model to compare the effects of nonpharmaceutical public health interventions (NPIs). We find that the periodic switch between low and high NPI levels could have produced similar health outcomes as static strategies but better social welfare outcomes.
The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This infographic reports key findings for active component members in the Coast Guard.
The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This infographic reports key findings for active component members in the Marine Corps.