Cover: Correlates of HIV Prevention Advocacy by Persons Living with HIV in Kampala, Uganda

Correlates of HIV Prevention Advocacy by Persons Living with HIV in Kampala, Uganda

A Cross-sectional Evaluation of a Conceptual Model

Published in: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1007/s12529-024-10277-3

Posted on Jun 28, 2024

by Glenn Wagner, Laura M. Bogart, Joseph K. Matovu, Stephen Okoboi, Violet Gwokyalya, Susan Ninsiima, Ryan K. McBain, Erik D. Storholm, Nipher Malika, Harold D. Green


HIV prevention advocacy empowers persons living with HIV (PLWH) to act as advocates and encourage members of their social networks to engage in protective behaviors such as HIV testing, condom use, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. We examined correlates of HIV prevention advocacy among PLWH in Uganda.


A cross-sectional analysis was conducted with baseline data from 210 PLWH (70% female; mean age = 40 years) who enrolled in a trial of an HIV prevention advocacy training program in Kampala, Uganda. The baseline survey, which was completed prior to receipt of the intervention, included multiple measures of HIV prevention advocacy (general and specific to named social network members), as well as internalized HIV stigma, HIV disclosure, HIV knowledge, positive living (condom use; ART adherence), and self-efficacy for HIV prevention advocacy.


Consistent with our hypotheses, HIV disclosure, HIV knowledge, consistent condom use, and HIV prevention advocacy self-efficacy were all positively correlated with at least one measure of HIV prevention advocacy, after controlling for the other constructs in multiple regression analysis. Internalized HIV stigma was positively correlated with advocacy in bivariate analysis only.


These findings identify which characteristics of PLWH are associated with acting as change agents for others in their social network to engage in HIV protective behaviors.

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