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In February 2012, RAND Europe was commissioned by the Delegation for Strategic Affairs of the French Ministry of Defence (Délégation aux Affaires stratégiques du ministère de la Défense) to conduct a study on different approaches to conflict and crisis prevention at both the national and international level. The original report, La prévention des crises et des conflits: enjeux et rôle pour la défense, was completed in November 2012 and authored by Sophie-Charlotte Brune, Anne Kovacs, Anais Reding and Maryse Penny.

This report is a translated excerpt from the original report, focusing on conflict prevention approaches in four national cases: France, the United Kingdom, the United States and Germany. It was translated and revised from the original French by Giacomo Persi Paoli, Tess Hellgren and Sophie-Charlotte Brune. While some national mechanisms and structures may have evolved since 2012, this report presents the evidence that was accurate as of the report's initial completion date.

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The research described in this report was prepared for the French Ministry of Defence and conducted by RAND Europe.

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