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The United Nations imposed increasingly restrictive sanctions on North Korea after each of the six nuclear weapons tests that it conducted between 2009 and 2016. Experts chronicle the historical background and rationale for the sanctions, which aimed to constrain or alter North Korea's proliferation activities, and discuss the threats posed by North Korean proliferation. Experts also describe the importance of sanctions enforcement and the tactics, techniques, procedures, and entities that North Korea has used to evade sanctions.

This research was prepared for the U.S. Department of State and conducted by the International Security and Defense Policy Center within the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD).

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