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Research Questions

  1. What have been the experiences of COVID-19 for underserved populations, especially in terms of income and race and ethnicity?
  2. How have health mindset and expectations, including views on the role of government in health, evolved or not during COVID-19?

As a continuation of RAND Corporation and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation efforts to capture how people in the United States think about, value, and prioritize issues of health, well-being, and health equity, a longitudinal survey is being deployed to aid in understanding how health views and values have been affected by the experience of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this report, the authors present the results of the third of four waves of the COVID-19 and the Experiences of Populations at Greater Risk Survey, fielded during winter 2021, with particular focus on populations deemed at risk or underserved, including people of color and those from low- to moderate-income backgrounds.

The questions in this COVID-19 survey focused specifically on experiences related to the pandemic (e.g., financial, physical, emotional), how respondents viewed the disproportionate impacts of the pandemic, whether and how respondents' views and priorities regarding health actions and investments are changing (including the role of government and the private sector), and how general values about such issues as freedom and racism may be related to pandemic views and response expectations. In this wave, we included questions about vaccine uptake.

The authors summarize detailed top-line results for each of the questions included in the survey and sociodemographic characteristics of the sample.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Survey Overview

  • Chapter Two

    Top-Line Summary Data

Research conducted by

This research was sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and conducted by the Community Health and Environmental Policy Program within RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research report series. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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