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The RAND Corporation's COMPARE initiative provides information and tools to help policymakers, the media, and others understand, design, and evaluate health care policies. The COMPARE Web site presents a range of policy options that allows the user to explore the effects of commonly proposed health care reforms.

This document explores how increased use of disease management programs would affect health system performance along nine dimensions. Evidence suggests that disease management improves the reliability with which patients receive recommended care. It is uncertain how disease management would affect overall health spending, patient experience, and health. There is no evidence about how implementation would affect consumer financial risk, waste, or health system capacity; disease management programs are not relevant to coverage. Implementing disease management programs is relatively easy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Technical report series. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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