Psychiatrists, nurse practitioners, and other clinicians who work in mental health settings are in an optimal position to treat co-occurring opioid use and mental health disorders (COD-opioid). The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved buprenorphine, naltrexone, and methadone as treatments for opioid use disorder. Of these drugs, buprenorphine/naloxone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone extended-release injectable suspension are available outside federally certified opioid treatment programs and are appropriate for use in mental health settings to treat mental health clients with COD-opioid and enhance the effectiveness of mental health treatment.
This guide prepares mental health practitioners to (1) identify clients with co-occurring opioid use and mental health disorders in mental health settings and (2) treat these clients with an appropriate opioid use disorder medication. It provides a practical strategy for treating clients in mental health settings with buprenorphine/naloxone or naltrexone extended-release injectable suspension.
This research was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Grant No. 5R34DA046950-02) and carried out within the Access and Delivery Program in RAND Health Care.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Tool series. RAND tools may include models, databases, calculators, computer code, GIS mapping tools, practitioner guidelines, web applications, and various toolkits. All RAND tools undergo rigorous peer review to ensure both high data standards and appropriate methodology in keeping with RAND's commitment to quality and objectivity.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.