The Effects of Birth Spacing on Infant and Child Mortality, Pregnancy Outcomes, and Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh

by Julie DaVanzo, Abdur Razzaque, Mizanur Rahman, Lauren Hale, Kapil Ahmed, Mehrab Ali Khan, Golam Mustafa, Kaniz Gausia

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Using a large, high-quality longitudinal dataset on around 145,000 pregnancy outcomes gathered over a period of more than twenty years from an experimental setting in Matlab, Bangladesh, this paper seeks a better understanding of the effects of the lengths of interbirth intervals on infant and child mortality and on maternal mortality and morbidity.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Why Birth Spacing Might Affect Pregnancy Outcomes, Infant and Child Mortality, and Maternal Morbidity and Mortality

  • Chapter Three

    Study Setting, Data, and Methods

  • Chapter Four

    Effects of Birth and Pregnancy Spacing on Infant and Child Mortality and Pregnancy Outcomes

  • Chapter Five

    Effects of Interpregnancy Intervals, The MCH-FP Program, and Socioeconomic Factors on Maternal Mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh

  • Chapter Six

    Interpregnancy Intervals and Maternal Morbidity in Matlab, Bangladesh

  • Chapter Seven

    Characteristics of Women Who Have Very Short or Very Long Intervals

This paper was made possible through support provided by the Office of Population and Reproductive Health of the Center for Population, Health, and Nutrition, Bureau for Global Programs of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The research described in this report was conducted by RAND Labor and Population.

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