The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop an approach for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. A new report details findings and recommendations.
The National Cancer Institute's "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" symposium reviewed the evidence on acupuncture use for clinical oncology treatment; this paper provides a summary and recommendations for future research.
This paper investigates the potential for selection bias, to assess whether restricting cohort studies based on prior enrollment created a cohort with a different risk of cancer or death than the full enrollee population.
Patients prefer less invasive approaches such as fecal immunochemical test (FIT) for colorectal cancer screening, but the effectiveness of FIT depends on annual screenings for those with negative test results and colonoscopy if FIT tests are positive.
This report describes a general agent-based model (ABM) for studying social learning, and uses that general ABM to explore the relationship between micro-influence and macro-dynamics for broad classes of problems.