The investment in high-quality preschool may be paid back through improved outcomes during the school-age years and beyond. In addition to school readiness, they produce long-term benefits like lower rates of special education use, reduced grade repetition, and higher high school graduation rates.
The investment in high-quality preschool programs may be paid back through improved outcomes during the school-age years and beyond. In addition to school readiness, they produce long-term benefits like lower rates of special education use, reduced grade repetition, and higher high school graduation rates.
In 2009, a Cincinnati group launched the Healthy Communities Initiative with the goals of improving health care and population health while reducing health care costs. In 2012, RAND Health Advisory Services assessed the Initiative's progress.
Authorities in Ferguson would be wise to consider following Cincinnati's example in dealing with mistrust between police and citizens after the police shooting of a young black man. The city embarked on a thorough examination of racial profiling by its police force and took steps to deal with the perception that bias was influencing the way police officers performed their duties.
RAND has developed a fair, yet rigorous approach to analyzing traffic stop data for racial bias. Based on five years of data from the Cincinnati Police Department, the approach addresses bias in the decision to stop, flags officers with disparate stop patterns, and assesses bias in search and citation rates.
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department and the ACLU joined together to review police-community relations. This report finds that CPD is not the same as the department that policed Cincinnati in 2001. With crime reduced and no evidence of racial bias at traffic stops, there is still room for improvement with community relations.
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police and the ACLU joined together to review police-community relations. This evaluation reports that three years out, blacks still experience a different kind of policing from that experienced by whites, and that vehicle stops provide an opportunity to redress these disparate impacts.
This research brief summarizes second-year findings. Although there is no evidence of systematic racial bias in Cincinnati Police Department vehicle stops, other police actions have racially disparate impacts that fuel perceptions of racial bias.
The Cincinnati Police Department, Fraternal Order of Police, and American Civil Liberties Union pledged to collaborate in efforts to resolve social conflict, improve community relations and avoid litigation. RAND evaluated their progress in the second year of the agreement.