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In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD), the Fraternal Order of Police, and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) initiated a collaboration to resolve social conflict, improve community relations, and avoid litigation in Cincinnati. The collaborative agreement requires the participants to undertake collective efforts to pursue five primary goals: (1) ensure that police officers and community members partner proactively to solve community problems; (2) build respect, cooperation, and trust within and between police and communities; (3) improve CPD education, oversight, monitoring, hiring practices, and accountability; (4) ensure fair, equitable, and courteous treatment for all; and (5) establish public understanding of police policies and procedures and recognize exceptional service to foster support for police. The parties chose the RAND Corporation to evaluate progress for five years and to publish its findings in annual reports. RAND surveyed citizens and officers, reviewed statistics, examined traffic stop data, and analyzed recorded police-citizen interactions, for this, the second annual report.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    The Context of Policing in Cincinnati: Crime, Arrests, and Use of Force

  • Chapter Three

    Analysis of Vehicle Stops

  • Chapter Four

    Analysis of Videotaped Police-Motorist Interactions

  • Chapter Five

    Satisfaction of Police Officers Working in Cincinnati

  • Chapter Six

    Citizen and Officer Satisfaction with the Complaint Process

  • Chapter Seven

    Summary and Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Technical Details of the Internal Benchmark

  • Appendix B

    RAND Codebook, Year Two

  • Appendix C

    Police Officer Survey

  • Appendix D

    Citizen Complaint Review and Police Officer Complaint Surveys

  • Appendix E

    Parties’ Responses to the Report

The research described in this report was conducted within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE), a division of the RAND Corporation, for the City of Cincinnati.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Technical report series. RAND technical reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope or intended for a narrow audience; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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