Haiti's future prosperity and peace depend on its ability to build a more resilient state, one capable of providing public services like education and health care and responding effectively to natural disasters. RAND research has identified Haiti's foremost challenges to better governance, evaluated existing plans for improving the delivery of public services, and proposed a realistic set of critical nation-building activities.

  • Residents of the Malfety neighborhood work on the construction of an irrigation canal in Fort Liberté, Haiti, April 27, 2024, photo by Ricardo Arduengo/Reuters


    What Can Stop Haiti's Free Fall?

    A new Haitian transitional council faces serious challenges in seeking an end to violence, the establishment of a representative government and, ultimately, an enhanced potential for long-term stability, but the island nation's civil society, its youth, and its diaspora could offer a level of hope.

    May 1, 2024

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    A Complexity Approach for Reducing Disaster Risks for Marginalized Urban Populations: Comparing DRR Interventions Across Four Cities

    This chapter conceptualizes cities and their risks as a complex adaptive system and examines the methods for risk reduction.

    Sep 3, 2020

  • A woman receives treatment for cholera after Hurricane Matthew at a hospital in Les Anglais, Haiti, October 12, 2016


    Cholera in Haiti: No Surprise This Time Around

    When Hurricane Matthew swept across Haiti, it left a resurgence of cholera in its wake. Tackling cholera head-on should be on the short list of health priorities for disaster relief in the island nation.

    Oct 27, 2016

  • commander of JTF-Haiti asks a few Haitians about the living conditions at the internally displaced persons camp


    The U.S. Military Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake

    Luck, serendipity, and longtime relationships fostered success in Haiti relief efforts, though actual performance is impossible to measure because metrics and plans were not in place before the earthquake hit. U.S. Department of Defense policy on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief needs to be updated.

    Oct 29, 2013

  • Periodical


    RAND Review: Vol. 34, No. 3, Winter 2010-2011

    Stories discuss Haitian recovery, transportation finance, teacher accountability, childhood psychological problems, aging Americans, military savings, U.S. space systems, Middle East peace, the Wallace Foundation, and Politics Aside 2010.

    Jan 6, 2011

  • Congressional Briefing Podcast


    Rebuilding Haiti

    In this October 2010 Congressional Briefing, RAND experts discuss how the billions of dollars in aid pledged to help Haiti rebuild after the January earthquake can be used to create a resilient state that is capable of responding effectively to natural disasters and providing public services like education and health care.

    Oct 18, 2010

  • Report


    Building a More Resilient Haitian State: French translation of summary

    Ce rapport passe en revue les défis auxquels est confrontée la République d'Haïti, ainsi que les projets de réforme envisagés, afin d'identifier les priorités les plus nécessaires, réalisables et durables dans le domaine de la construction étatique.

    Aug 24, 2010

  • News Release

    News Release

    Rebuilding Haiti Requires New State-Building Strategy

    Haiti's future prosperity and peace depend on its ability to build a more resilient state, one capable of providing public services like education and health care as well as responding effectively to natural disasters.

    Aug 13, 2010

  • Multimedia

    Keith Crane and Laurel Miller Discuss Building a More Resilient Haitian State

    RAND Senior Economist Keith Crane and RAND Senior Political Scientist Laurel Miller discuss developing a Haitian state-building strategy. They identify the main challenges to more capable governance and suggest ways the influx of aid money can be used for long-term improvements, as well as offer other insights from their latest report, Building a More Resilient Haitian State.

    Aug 13, 2010

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Building a More Resilient Haitian State: Key Recommendations and Priorities

    Haiti's future prosperity and peace require building a more effective, resilient state. RAND researchers identified Haiti's main challenges and recommended a set of state-building priorities that are necessary, feasible, and sustainable.

    Aug 12, 2010

  • Aftermath of earthquake in Haiti


    Rebuilding Haiti Requires New State-Building Strategy

    Haiti's future prosperity and peace depend on its ability to build a more resilient state, one capable of providing public services like education and health care as well as responding effectively to natural disasters.

    Aug 6, 2010

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Reflections on the Initial Multinational Response to the Earthquake in Haiti

    Expert panel discussion of the emergency response in Haiti concluded that rigorous, objective after-action reports are needed both to improve ongoing operations in Haiti and to enhance future responses to large-scale population emergencies.

    Jun 1, 2010

  • Commentary


    A Month After the Earthquake: Opportunities Slipping Away

    Previous efforts by the international community to stabilize Haiti have met with little or only short-term success. This time, following the earthquake, the U.S. response could actually leverage the response and recovery opportunities into a broader international plan, write Agnes Gereben Schaefer and Anita Chandra.

    Feb 24, 2010

  • Testimony


    Reconstructing Haiti

    In testimony presented before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, James Dobbins discusses the current international disaster relief operation in Haiti and how it is affected by a preexisting post-conflict reconstruction mission, which he considers ultimately more important.

    Jan 26, 2010

  • Commentary


    Skip the Graft

    The latest disaster to befall Haiti creates the opportunity to combine bipartisan accord on Haiti in Washington with keen and perhaps sustained American public interest, writes James Dobbins.

    Jan 17, 2010

  • Report


    Justification and Options for Creating A U.S. Stability Police Force

    Establishing security is the sine qua non of stability operations, since it is a prerequisite for reconstruction and development. Security requires a mix of military and police forces to deal with a range of threats from insurgents to criminal organizations. This research examines the creation of a high-end police force, which the authors call a Stability Police Force.

    Mar 25, 2009

  • Dissertation


    Getting the Policies Right: The Prioritization and Sequencing of Policies in Post-Conflict Countries

    Examines how to prioritize and sequence political, social, and economic policies in post-conflict countries to sustain peace and reduce the risk of violence reoccurring.

    Sep 3, 2007

  • Report


    Nation-Building Efforts Hampered By Failures to Address Health Problems

    The United States missed opportunities to help win the support of the public in Iraq and Afghanistan by failing to make health a bigger focus of reconstruction efforts after U.S.-led invasions of the nations.

    Mar 15, 2006

  • Testimony


    A Fresh Start for Haiti? Charting Future U.S. Haitian Relations

    Testimony presented to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps, and Narcotic Affairs on March 10, 2004.

    Dec 21, 2004

  • Commentary


    Elections and Nation-building

    Published commentary by RAND staff.

    Oct 20, 2004