Avery Calkins

Photo of Avery Calkins
Associate Economist
Washington Office


Ph.D. in economics, University of Michigan; M.A. in economics, University of Michigan; B.S. in economics, Carnegie Mellon University


Avery Calkins is an associate economist at RAND. She is a labor economist whose main research interests include gender, occupational choice, and military personnel policy. Since joining RAND, she has contributed to a number of projects concerning the military workforce, especially on topics such as military compensation, recruiting and retention in the military services, and diversity, equity, and inclusion in the military. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan, an MA in Economics from the University of Michigan, and a BS in Economics from Carnegie Mellon University.

Selected Publications

Michael G. Mattock, Beth J. Asch, Avery Calkins, Daniel Schwam, Civilian Cyber Workers in the U.S. Department of Defense: Demographics, Retention, and Responsiveness to Training Opportunities, RAND Corporation (RR-A730-3), 2022

Avery Calkins and Beth J. Asch, What Happened to Military Recruiting and Retention of Enlisted Personnel in 2020 During the COVID-19 Pandemic?RAND Corporation (RR-A1092-1), 2022

Avery Calkins, Matthew Cefalu, Terry L. Schell, Linda Cottrell, Sarah O. Meadows, and Rebecca L. Collins , Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination in the Active-Component Army: Variation in Most Serious Event Characteristics by Gender and Installation Risk, RAND Corporation (RR-A1385-1), 2021

Karen Clay, Peter Juul Egedesø, Casper Worm Hansen, Peter Sandholt Jensen, Avery Calkins, "Controlling tuberculosis? Evidence from the first community-wide health experiment," Journal of Development Economics, 146, 2020