Marco Hafner

Photo of Marco Hafner
Senior Economist; Research Leader
Cambridge Office


M.Sc. in economics, University of Zurich; M.Phil. in economics, University College of London

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact RAND Europe Media Relations at +44 (1223) 353 329, x2560, or email

More Experts


Marco Hafner is a senior economist and research leader at RAND Europe working on employment, education and social policy research. He conducted doctoral studies in economics and applied econometrics and holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Zurich.

Before joining RAND, he worked at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), the research body connected to the German Employment Agency, and at the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM) at UCL.

Hafner has particular expertise in data analysis and econometrics, having undertaken extensive quantitative research in the topics of health, labour and international economics. He holds an M.Sc. in economics from the University of Zurich and an M.Phil. in economics from University College of London.

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: BBC Radio; BBC Scotland; BBC World Service; Channel 5; Efecto Naím; Financial Times; Freakonomics; ITV News, UK; Marketplace Morning Report; Reuters TV; Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF); Sputnik International; WGN-AM


  • A worker stands next to the shipment of 600,000 doses COVID-19 vaccines donated by China at the Phnom Penh International Airport, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, February 7, 2021, photo by Cindy Liu/Reuters

    Equal, Rapid Access to Vaccines Is More Important Than Ever as New COVID-19 Variants Emerge

    Vaccine nationalism could prolong the pandemic and lead to preventable deaths. If some countries don't receive timely access to vaccines, then the virus will continue to spread in some populations, mutate further, and potentially render existing vaccines less effective.

    Feb 9, 2021 The RAND Blog

  • Chilean president Sebastián Piñera receives the first shipment of COVID-19 vaccines in Santiago de Chile, Chile, December 24, 2020, photo by Sebastian Rodríguez/Presidencia/Reuters

    Vaccine Nationalism May Seem Inevitable, but There Are Real Economic Consequences

    Vaccine nationalism, in which countries prioritize their domestic needs at the expense of others, will have significant global economic consequences. Major economies actually have more to gain by helping to make an effective COVID-19 vaccine widely available globally.

    Dec 30, 2020 Business Insider

  • Arrows with UK and EU flag images pointing in opposite directions on the ground, with legs and shoes viewed from above, photo by Delpixart/Getty Images

    A Free Trade Agreement Still Comes with Costs

    Major issues must be resolved before any UK-EU agreement on post-Brexit trade and economic relations is completed. There will be substantial costs associated with even a zero-tariff trade deal.

    Oct 23, 2020 UK in a Changing Europe

  • British Prime Minister Boris Johnson (center) speaks in a videoconference with the heads of the European Union in London, UK, June 15, 2020, photo by Andrew Parsons/No10 Downing Street/Reuters

    The Cost of Brexit Uncertainty and the Negative Implications for the UK Economy

    Leaving the European Union has had an overall negative economic effect on the UK economy, and there are additional economic costs associated with the uncertainty surrounding the new relationship. Will there be a deal? And if so, what type of deal is likely?

    Jul 8, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • Eggshell with UK and EU flag pattern, photo by Panorama Images/Getty Images

    The Costs of Brexit Uncertainty

    It may be tempting to think that Brexit is now done. But the UK's formal departure from the EU in late January was only the end of the beginning. And uncertainty is likely to affect the UK's economic performance moving forward.

    Mar 3, 2020 Encompass

  • A person in pajamas and slippers walking to the bathroom at the night, photo by Sergey Dogadin/Getty Images

    Waking Up to the Costs of Nocturia

    Nocturia is a troublesome lower urinary tract condition that causes people to wake up two or more times a night to empty their bladder. Researchers calculated the overall economic cost associated with nocturia in a working-age population across six countries.

    Jun 18, 2019 The RAND Blog

  • Women dancing in a gym, photo by FatCamera/Getty Images

    The Right Kind of Incentive Can Help People to Stay Active

    Having the motivation to keep exercising regularly can be challenging for many of us. So what will motivate people to keep heading out the door, whether it's for a swim or to the gym, for some much-needed activity?

    Apr 30, 2019 The Council for Work and Health

  • Medical students chat after a shift on the wards

    The Case for Investing in a More Healthy and Engaged Health Workforce

    Improving staff engagement leads to a variety of positive benefits. But defining and measuring engagement is not straightforward, and different demographic factors are associated with different levels of engagement. The National Health Service in England is looking at ways to increase engagement in its staff.

    Nov 8, 2018 The RAND Blog

  • A woman sleeping in her bed

    Britain's Productivity Problem Begins in the Bedroom

    Productivity growth in the UK has seen its weakest decade since the 1820s. Chancellor Hammond increased the size of a national productivity fund to £31bn. While building people's skills and investing in infrastructure can boost productivity, the problem could also be solved if people got more sleep.

    Feb 15, 2018 Financial Times

  • Britain's Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis (L), Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and European Union's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (R) meet at the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium December 8, 2017

    For the UK's Post-Brexit Economy, No Deal Is the Worst Deal

    Brexit negotiations around trade are likely to be complicated for the UK and EU, particularly as a common position between all the parties could be difficult to achieve. Trying to avoid the worst-case economic option of 'no deal' is likely to be at the top of the agendas for both the UK and EU as trade talks begin.

    Jan 9, 2018 EurActiv

  • Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May is welcomed by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker at the EC headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, December 8, 2017

    The Burdens of Brexit

    The economic consequences of Brexit are likely to be negative across a wide range of scenarios, including the most likely outcomes that the UK now faces. If the UK leaves the EU with no trade deal it could lose 4.9 percent of GDP, or $140 billion, after 10 years.

    Dec 12, 2017 Newsweek

  • European budget

    Does the Annual Growth Survey Actually Make a Difference to EU Member States?

    Much of the European Union (EU) budget follows Annual Growth Survey (AGS) priorities, but member states' budgets do not necessarily follow the country-specific recommendations. Doing so and addressing wider concerns about the AGS could help the EU and member states identify the benefits of the AGS.

    Nov 21, 2017 E!Sharp

  • European Commission Vice-President Andrus Ansip addresses a news conference on Digital Single Market at the EU Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium May 10, 2017

    Why the EU Single Market Has Still Not Reached Its Full Potential

    The EU Single Market aimed to promote intra-European trade, increase competition, create more jobs and make Europe more attractive to foreign direct investment. The economic benefits of the Single Market are clear, but closer integration requires political buy-in from individual member states and the EU.

    Nov 8, 2017 Open Access Government

  • Father and baby asleep

    How Young Kids Causing Sleepless Nights Drove Me to Sleep Research

    RAND's Marco Hafner discusses how sleep troubles related to raising two young children spurred him to study how insufficient sleep impacts productivity at work, mortality, academic performance, and even national economies.

    Oct 3, 2017 Thrive Global

  • Man yawning at a desk in an office

    Why Sleep Matters to the World's Bottom Line

    Sleep and sleep loss matters to all aspects of society, from an individual's health to the success of the global economy. Insufficient sleep costs five of the largest economies more than half a trillion dollars per year, but improving sleeping habits and duration can have major impacts.

    Sep 27, 2017 Media Planet

  • High school students asleep in their class

    The Early Bird Catches the Worm? Probably Not, Says Science on School Start Times

    School start times are becoming a hotly debated topic across the United States. Starting middle and high schools at 8:30 a.m. would improve teen health, and the economic benefits of this shift would likely outweigh the costs.

    Sep 12, 2017 Thrive Global

  • Students sleeping on their desks

    If Teenagers Get More Sleep, California Could Gain Billions

    Two key effects of better-rested teens are improved academic performance and reduced motor vehicle crashes. Delaying school start times to 8:30 a.m. could result in economic benefits that would be realized within a matter of years — $10 billion in California alone.

    Sep 7, 2017 Los Angeles Times

  • A woman worrying at her desk

    We Still Know Little About Financial Well-Being

    There is a clear link between UK employees being concerned about their finances and negative health and well-being. The challenge for researchers is that financial well-being is hard to measure.

    Feb 20, 2017 HRZone

  • Woman yawning during a business meeting

    How Businesses Can Take the Lead in Getting People to Sleep More

    Insufficient sleep is linked to lower productivity, which results in working days being lost each year. With a few simple measures, employers could help improve the health and well-being of staff, improve their bottom lines, and contribute to a growing economy.

    Dec 20, 2016 Thrive Global

  • Tired businesswoman in the office

    Americans Don't Sleep Enough, and It's Costing Us $411 Billion

    Sleep and sleep loss are often considered to be among the most intimate of personal behaviors, but sleep matters to all aspects of society, from an individual's health to the success of the global economy.

    Nov 30, 2016 Washington Post PostEverything

  • Young barista working in a cafe

    Finding the 'Sweet Spot' in the UK Minimum Wage Debate

    Increases in the UK national minimum wages have not had adverse effects on employment overall. But it's important that the new national living wage and minimum wage aren’t increased to a point that is unsustainable for businesses.

    Nov 28, 2016 The RAND Blog

  • A memorial stone for the Schengen Agreement is seen in the small village of Schengen, Luxembourg January 27, 2016

    Why Re-Establishing Border Controls in Europe Could Come at a High Cost

    Reversing the Schengen agreement would come at a high economic cost, while undoing many of the positive social and political developments of the past decade.

    Oct 13, 2016 E!Sharp

  • Cans of soda surrounded by sugar cubes

    A Sweet Fix to Tackling Obesity in the UK?

    It is hard to tell whether or not the new sugar tax proposed in the UK budget will actually make a difference. There is no conclusive proof that a tax on sugar-based beverages leads to reductions in obesity levels.

    Jul 11, 2016 The RAND Blog

  • An envelope full of 500 euro notes

    The True Economic Cost of Corruption in Europe: Up to €990 Billion Annually

    Corruption costs Europe up to €990 billion in GDP annually, according to a new study. That's more than eight times previous estimates.

    Mar 22, 2016 E!Sharp

  • Crossing into Romania from Bulgaria on the Danube Bridge

    Why the EU Single Market Is Still an Incomplete Jigsaw

    The Single Market has contributed to economic growth and consumer welfare within the European Union. However, its true potential remains unfulfilled, with gaps in several key areas.

    Feb 16, 2016 The RAND Blog

  • Laborers carry bricks at a brick factory on the outskirts of Agartala, India, January 7, 2015

    Attacking Poverty Through Employability Interventions

    The UN's goal to end poverty is a worthy undertaking but less clear to policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. An analysis of efforts in South Asia finds that investments in interventions that combine business training with financing could yield positive results.

    Oct 16, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • A green bacteria colony

    The Cost of Resistance and the Attack of the Microbes

    If left unaddressed, the threat posed by antimicrobial resistance and the rise of 'superbugs' could devastate the world economy and pose a deadly threat to humanity.

    Aug 7, 2015 LifeZette

  • A scientist wearing a respirator while looking at a Petri dish

    G7 Leaders to Discuss Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance

    The threat of drug resistance can be tackled with the right set of actions, including the development of new antimicrobial drugs and alternative therapies to disrupt the rise in resistance. German Chancellor Merkel has emphasized the importance of a joint global action plan for addressing this growing problem.

    Jun 8, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • High-resolution 3D rendering of bacteria under a scanning microscope

    Ringing the Alarm Bell for Antimicrobial Resistance

    The increase in the number of bacterial and viral infections that are resistant to antimicrobial drugs poses a growing global health threat.

    Feb 20, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • A European flag superimposed over euro banknotes

    The Not-So-Full-Monti: Will More 'Europe' Lead to More Trade in the Internal Market?

    Even though the internal market for goods is at a relatively advanced stage, there remains an untapped potential in the longer term. More than 20 years after the establishment of the internal market, barriers and regulatory obstacles continue to hinder the free movement of goods in the EU.

    Oct 28, 2014 E!Sharp