Unmet Social Needs Are Associated with Lower Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Medication Among a Sample of Black People Living with HIV (PLHIV)
Published in: AIDS and Behavior (2023). doi: 10.1007/s10461-023-04079-z
Posted on RAND.org on May 24, 2023
The current study examined the prevalence and typology of unmet needs and the association between unmet needs and HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence among a sample of Black people living with HIV(PLHIV) (N=304) in Los Angeles, CA. We found a high prevalence of unmet needs, with 32% of participants reporting having two or more unmet needs. The most common unmet needs category was basic benefits needs (35%), followed by subsistence needs (33%), and health needs (27%). Significant correlates of unmet needs included food insecurity, history of homelessness, and history of incarceration. A greater number of unmet needs and any unmet basic benefits needs were each significantly associated with lower odds of HIV ART medication adherence. These findings provide further evidence linking the social determinants of health and social disenfranchisement to ART medication adherence among Black PLHIV.