Jan 1, 1999
As the military becomes smaller and defense budgets shrink, pressures grow to justify and reduce training costs that total billions of dollars a year. But because maintaining preparedness remains a high priority, the military cannot afford wholesale or indiscriminate reductions in training activities and resources. Thus, the problem the military faces is how to reorganize its training functions to reduce costs while preserving effectiveness. This report aims to identify promising directions for restructuring programs of military education and training to make them more effective, affordable, and efficient. It summarizes results and insights from a number of RAND studies that assessed alternative concepts for restructuring military training programs within and across the military services. The authors identify tools and provide insights for making training more efficient and affordable. They have drawn their findings largely from studies that address individual military education and training, which provides soldiers with the specialized skills and knowledge they need to perform their functions as members of military organizations. However, the authors also address the implications of this research for other types of training (e.g., collective training in units) and for functions related to individual training that are customarily not analyzed (e.g., training development and support).