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The Department of Defense (DoD) often improves its efficiency by consolidating facilities (mainly through base realignment and closure, or BRAC) and changing its governance structure. Subsequently, these shifts significantly affect the education, training, and development (ET&D) institutions that support DoD personnel. With an eye toward the scheduled round of BRAC in 2005, the DoD Office of the Chancellor of Education and Professional Development asked the RAND Corporation to review specific ways in which past initiatives have affected ET&D establishments. RAND researchers focused on four cases from the 1990s-two institutions that experienced significant infrastructure change (i.e., through physical relocation) and two that did not. Based on the lessons learned from the case studies, they make recommendations for decisionmakers to consider when moving an institution, remaining at a location, constructing a new facility, or consolidating institutions. The researchers also look at the strategies used by the institutions and their stakeholders to influence decisions about infrastructure change, focusing on clarifying roles and improving the ET&D system as a whole.

The research described in this report was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center supported by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies.

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