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In the ongoing Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process, lands containing unexploded ordnance (UXO) left over from military training have proved particularly difficult and costly to transfer to new users. With a few exceptions, little progress has been made in transferring these lands. This monograph chronicles the issues that facilitated the transfer of land containing UXO, and those that slowed the transfer. Some of the “facilitating” issues are low density of UXO, a small number of recipients, and strong financial incentives for the new user. Lack of regulatory involvement or oversight also helped facilitate transfer. On the other side, lack of knowledge about the location, quantities, and type of unexploded ordnance, inadequate performance of detection technologies, and an absence of accepted standards for cleanup all slowed transfers. The authors suggest an alternative organization for handling the transfer, in this case a federal government corporation, along with other mechanisms as ways to expedite the transfer of UXO-contaminated land.

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The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army and conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center.

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