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This study seeks to help the Army identify options to improve its future (i.e., circa 2016) training strategies for Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) equipped with Future Combat System (FCS) technologies. Key findings are that live training will need to remain at the core of training programs for FCS units, and that adaptation to changing operational requirements will be a primary training challenge. Overall, the findings indicate that planned training enhancements can provide important improvements across a wide spectrum; however, the overall training capability achieved will likely be less than that needed to meet future training requirements. Unit time, the potential for technological advancement, and training budgets were found to be key constraints.

While the study stresses greater emphasis on training manpower support in battle command training as the Army’s best chance for significant near-term improvement, it concludes that longer-term improvement will depend on how closely the Army monitors and manages its enhancement programs. The process of shaping and balancing future training enhancements, for example, would benefit from better information and improved evaluative capabilities. These changes would be further enhanced by developing better metrics for the quality, quantity, and adaptability of training, by continuing to improve spiral development processes to evolve training methods and means, and by improving the visibility of financial information across training categories.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Change in Army Training Requirements

  • Chapter Three

    Challenges for Current Army Force Training Strategies

  • Chapter Four

    Method for Identifying and Assessing Planned Training System Enhancements

  • Chapter Five

    Assessment of Planned Live Training System Enhancements

  • Chapter Six

    Assessment of Planned Enhancements for Constructive Simulations

  • Chapter Seven

    Assessment of Planned Enhancements for Virtual Simulations

  • Chapter Eight

    Assessment of Planned Enhancements for Simulation-Based Leader Tactical Skills Training

  • Chapter Nine

    Assessment of Integrating Enhancements

  • Chapter Ten

    Assessment of Other Planned Enhancements

  • Chapter Eleven

    Integrated Assessment of Enhancements

  • Chapter Twelve


  • Appendix A

    Method Used to Score Unit Performance at the National Training Center

  • Appendix B

    Approaches for Developing Effective Simulations and Automated Support Training Tools

  • Appendix C

    Activities That Could Support an Improved Spiral Development Process for Simulation-Based Training

  • Appendix D

    Using Constructive Simulations to Improve the Army’s Capability for Battle Command Training

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army and conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center.

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