Download eBook for Free

Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 1.5 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Summary Only

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback148 pages $25.00 $20.00 20% Web Discount

The Air Force typically trains 30,000 to 40,000 new airmen in some 300 specialties each year. It utilizes two methods for training its enlistees: centralized initial skills training (IST, or “schoolhouse” training) and decentralized on-the-job training (OJT). All too often, only IST costs are considered when “pricing” training, seriously underestimating the overall cost to train an airman. When all the costs are considered, including those of OJT, decisions related to the length of IST can be better informed. To determine the most cost-effective combination of IST and OJT, the authors developed a methodology based on a cost-benefit analysis of seven Air Force specialties. From a statistical analysis of data taken from surveys of senior enlisted personnel, they were able to assess how productivity changes when IST course length changes and to make recommendations concerning the IST course lengths that would produce the most productive airmen for the least possible cost.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Review of the Literature

  • Chapter Three

    A Survey to Determine Productivity and Effectiveness

  • Chapter Four

    Calculating Total Cost

  • Chapter Five

    Cost-Effective Course Lengths

  • Chapter Six

    Recommendations and Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Air Force Specialty Code Descriptions

  • Appendix B

    Survey Instrument

  • Appendix C

    Defining “Fully Mission-Effective” or “Mission-Ready” Airmen

  • Appendix D

    Data Cleaning

  • Appendix E

    Statistical Results

  • Appendix F

    Productivity Curves

  • Appendix G

    Comments on Adding/Deleting Content from IST

  • Appendix H

    Cost-Productivity Results for Seven AFSCs

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Air Force and conducted by RAND Project AIR FORCE.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph series. RAND monographs present major research findings that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND monographs undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.