Translation of the RAND 36-ITEM Health Survey 1.0 (aka SF-36) into Arabic

by Saud Abdulaziz Al Abdulmohsin, Stephen Coons, JoLaine R. Draugalis, Ron D. Hays


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback33 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

The objectives of this research were to: (1) translate the RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0 (aka SF-36) into Arabic; (2) evaluate the reliability and equivalence of the Arabic and English versions in a sample of Saudi Arabian citizens; and (3) assess the health status of a sample of Saudi Arabian citizens using both the Arabic and English versions. Forward and backward translation of the SF-36 with committee review was performed. Both the Arabic and English versions of the survey were administered to a convenience sample of bilingual (English and Arabic) Saudi citizens (N=415) at Saudi ARAMCO Company, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Internal consistency, equivalent-forms, and test-retest reliability were estimated for the Arabic and English versions of the survey. The results of the study provide support for the reliability and equivalence of both versions. Additional studies are needed with a representative sample of the general Saudi population to further assess the psychometric properties of the Arabic version.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.