Prior studies have found that partner abuse is related to risky sexual behavior. However, few studies have explored gender, sexual orientation, or substance use differences in this association, especially among people with HIV. We examined data from the Risk and Prevention survey from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study (HCSUS) sample on 726 sexually-active individuals in three gender/orientation groups (286 women, 148 heterosexual men, and 292 gay/bisexual men). The study assessed whether individuals with HIV who experienced or perpetrated abuse within a close relationship were likely to engage in unprotected intercourse with that same partner. Both abuse perpetration and victimization were significantly associated with having any unprotected intercourse. In multivariate tests, gender/orientation and substance use during sex moderated the perpetration effects. Secondary HIV prevention interventions need to take into account potentially abusive contexts in which sexual activity may occur for both men and women.
Reprinted with permission from, AIDS and Behavior, [Epub Aug 10 2005], Vol. 9, No. 3, Sept. 2005, pp. 325-329. Copyright © 2005 Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.