Chloe E. Bird

Photo of Chloe Bird
Senior Sociologist; Professor of Policy Analysis, Pardee RAND Graduate School
Santa Monica Office


Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; B.A. in sociology, Oberlin College

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact the RAND Office of Media Relations at (310) 451-6913, or email

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Chloe E. Bird (she/her), a senior sociologist at RAND, studies women's health and determinants of sex/gender differences in health and health care. She is also a professor of policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. Bird has served as senior advisor in the National Institutes of Health's Office for Research on Women's Health and editor-in-chief of Women's Health Issues, where she is now associate editor.

Her current work includes a PCORI engagement award to bring together stakeholders to develop a research agenda to improve maternal health outcomes in Medi-Cal and a WHAM-commissioned study to evaluate the societal and economic impacts of increasing funding for research on women's health and healthcare. She is working to build a donor-funded Women's Health Research and Policy Center at RAND. 

Recent research examined the impact of over-the-counter access to emergency contraception on births. In Gender and Health: The Effects of Constrained Choice and Social Policies (Cambridge University Press, 2008), Bird and her coauthor explore how policymakers and other stakeholders shape individuals' opportunities to pursue a healthy life. They emphasize the need for research that informs stakeholders' decisions to improve women's health and reduce disparities.

Bird received the American Sociological Association's Distinguished Career Award for the Practice of Sociology for her work on women's health and healthcare. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Academy of Health Behavior. She earned her Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Concurrent Non-RAND Positions

Associate Editor, Women’s Health Issues

Recent Projects

  • Birth-Centered Outcomes Research Engagement (B-CORE) in Medi-Cal
  • WHAM Report!: An Economic and Social Impact Analysis of Accelerating Health Research on Women
  • Impact of Over-the-Counter Availability of Emergency Contraception on Uptake, Pregnancy and Births
  • Developing a Women's Health Research and Policy Center at RAND and a Collaboration between Magee-Women's Research Institute and the RAND Corporation
  • Gender Gap Analyses and Mapping of Four Geographic Areas

Selected Publications

CE Bird, MN Elliott, JL Adams, DJ Klein, JW Dembosky, S Gaillot, AM Fremont, AM Haviland, "How Do Gender Differences in Quality of Care Vary across Medicare Advantage Plans?" Journal of General Internal Medicine, 33(10), 2018

Chloe E Bird, Michael Manocchia, Brooke Tomblin, Peggy Payne, Mahesh Kulakodlu, Emily Iacolo, and Allen M Fremont, "Mapping the Gaps: Gender Differences in Preventive Cardiovascular Care among Managed Care Members in Four Metropolitan Areas," Women's Health Issues, 28(5), 2018

Alyson M Cavanaugh, Mitchell J Rauh, Caroline A Thompson, John Alcaraz, William M Mihalko, Chloe E Bird, Charles B Eaton, Milagros C Rosal, Wenjun Li, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Todd Gilmer, and Andrea Z. LaCroix. , "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Utilization of Total Knee Arthroplasty among Older Women," Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 27(12), 2019

Hailey R Banack, Andrew Stokes, Matthew P Fox, Kathleen M Hovey, Elizabeth M Cespedes-Feliciano, Erin LeBlanc, Chloe E Bird, Bette J Caan, Candyce H Kroenke, Matthew A Allison, Scott B Going, Linda Snetslaar, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Rowan T Chlebowski, Mar, "Stratified Probabilistic Bias Analysis for Body Mass Index-related Exposure Misclassification in Postmenopausal Women," Epidemiology, 29(5), 2018

Priya Batra, Sally Rafie, Zhiwei Zhang, Amay V Singh, Chloe E Bird, Aparna Sridhar, Greer Sullivan, "An Evaluation of the Implementation of Pharmacist-Prescribed Hormonal Contraceptives in California," Obstetrics & Gynecology, 131, 2018

Michael LaMonte, Cora Lewis, David Buchner, Kelly Evenson, Eileen Rillamas-Sun Chongzhi Di, I-Min Lee, John Bellettiere, Marcia Stefanick, Charles Eaton, Barbara V Howard, Chloe Bird, Andrea LaCroix, "Both Light Intensity and Moderate-t0-Vigorous Physical Activity Measured by Accelerometry are Favorably Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Older Women: OPACH (The Objective Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health) Study," Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(10), 2017

Gloria C Chi, Anjum Hajat, Chloe E Bird, Mark R Cullen, Beth A Griffin, Kristein A Miller, Regina Shih, Marcia L Stefanie, Sverre Vedal, Eric A Whitsel, Joel D Kaufman, "Individual and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and the Association between Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease," Environmental Health Perspectives, 124, 2016

Nancy Fugate Woods, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Barbara B Cochrane, Andrea Z LaCroix, Teresa E Seeman, Hilary A TIndle, Oleg Zaslavsky, Chloe E Bird, Karen C Johnson, JoAnne E Manson, Judith Ockene, Rebecca A Seguin, Robert B Wallace, "Aging Well: Observations from the Women's Health Initiative Study," Journal of Gerontology A: Biological Sciences Medical Sciences, 71(Supple 1), 2016

Honors & Awards

  • Distinguished Career Award in the Practice of Sociology, American Sociological Association
  • Elected Member, Women of Impact for Healthcare.
  • 2015 Leadership Award, California Department of Managed Health Care “for improving women’s cardiovascular outcomes and reducing gender disparities”, California Department of Managed Health Care

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: The Atlantic; Ms. Magazine; MPR News; Oberlin News-Tribune; U.S. News & World Report

Commentary: Girl with Pen; Ms. Magazine; Sister to Sister; Women's Health Issues


  • A doctor in a lab coat and wearing a stethoscope holds a pictograph of a woman in her hands, photo by Drouk/Getty Images

    Underfunding of Research in Women's Health Issues Is the Biggest Missed Opportunity in Health Care

    For far too long, the medical sciences have treated men and women as interchangeable subjects, favoring men's health for funding and the male body for study. This approach creates a problem, not just for women but for everyone. Not only does it miss a large and critical slice of the population, it leaves an unknown amount of science unexplored.

    Feb 11, 2022 Fortune

  • Young Black woman testing her blood sugar, photo by PixelsEffect/Getty Images

    Mothers Need a Continuous System of Care Even After Babies Are Born

    In the United States, babies are born into a system of well-child care—a series of planned health care visits designed to protect their health from day one through age six. But no such system exists for their mothers. How do we create a system of health care for mothers that mirrors well-child care?

    May 10, 2021 Newsweek

  • Low angle shot of a group of doctors stacking hands in a hospital, photo by Hiraman/Getty Images

    Out of the Ashes: Forging the Post-Pandemic U.S. Health System

    With shifting insights, new problems, and exacerbation of old problems revealed by the pandemic, innovative solutions in the U.S. health system are being adopted where rapid change would normally have been rare. There is both an opportunity and a responsibility to assess how these changes are working and where they can improve health, reduce inequity, and save money.

    Jul 31, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • A person filling out a form titled Advance Health Care Directive and a pen, photo by PictureLake/Getty Images

    Your Gift to Health Care Providers, Yourself, and Your Family

    A whispered secret in medicine is that resuscitative efforts do not typically save a life. In anticipation of the pandemic surge, hospitals are discussing blanket do-not-resuscitate orders for patients dying from the coronavirus. It is time to publicly and privately discuss the limits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation so patients stricken with COVID-19 can make informed end-of-life decisions and make those decisions known to their closest relatives.

    Apr 30, 2020 Council on Contemporary Families

  • Multi-ethnic group of women, photo by andresr/Getty Images

    Women and COVID-19: Studying the Impact of Sex and Gender

    Much of current medical evidence is based largely on men. The current COVID-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity to examine the potential value of asking questions about sex and gender differences to inform ongoing policy decisions.

    Apr 13, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • A woman listening to her doctor

    Policy Barriers to Best Practices: The Impact of Restrictive State Regulations on Access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives

    Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods of birth control, which include the intrauterine device and subdermal implant, are highly effective, very safe, preferable to women, and cost effective. But some states' contraceptive policies create direct and indirect barriers to LARC use.

    Nov 6, 2015 Women's Health Issues

  • Woman feeding baby while using laptop and talking on phone

    UK and Europe Are Behind the Times for Single Mothers and Their Children

    Single parents head 10.4 percent of households with children across Europe — 20.4 percent in the UK — and the socioeconomic gap between single- and two-parent households continues to grow. Accessible and flexible work policies are needed to improve employment conditions for single parents, especially mothers.

    Mar 11, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • Stethoscope on woman's chest

    Should You Get Screened for Heart Disease?

    Many think of cardiovascular disease (CVD) primarily as a male problem. But one in three adult women has some form of CVD, which has killed more American women than men every year since 1984. Cardiovascular risk assessments can help women understand their current risk and health behaviors.

    Jul 24, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Woman sitting at a desk looking at her watch

    I'm Too Busy for Exercise I Just Don't Have the Time

    As hard as it can be to make time for exercise, failing to do so isn't a time-saver. It might seem so for a day or two, but you will feel the result of not exercising in the reductions in your energy, ability to focus and cope, and in your quality of sleep.

    Jul 17, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Young woman cycling

    Take the Morality Out of Health Choices: Stop the Blame Game

    Framing positive health behaviors as good or virtuous and less effective or harmful ones as bad trips most people up on a regular basis. People would do well to think of positive health behaviors—such as getting a good night's sleep or eating healthy foods—as doing what works, rather than as being virtuous.

    Jul 10, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • A woman at work taking the stairs

    Improving Your Health: Small Steps Can Yield Big Benefits

    It is worth making changes in your everyday choices and actions in order to improve your health. Real benefits in terms of increases in energy, improved sleep, and reduced cardiovascular disease risk are attainable.

    Jul 2, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Woman at a gym with a fitness trainer

    Have You Estimated Your Cardiovascular Risk?

    Research suggests that setting a baseline by getting an estimate of your individual cardiovascular risk can help you see more clearly what you have at stake and what you can do to improve your chances of a long and healthy life.

    Jun 26, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • doctor taking a patient's blood pressure

    5 Steps to Decrease Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

    Five steps could help reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease, especially if you track your efforts: know your risk, increase physical activity, reduce sedentary time, improve nutrition, and get enough sleep.

    Jun 11, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • mother, daughter, granddaughter

    Assessing and Addressing Women's Health and Health Care

    Women make up a majority of the U.S. population. Yet research policies and practices often treat women's health and health care as special topics or minority issues. The resulting knowledge gaps hamstring efforts to improve women's health care and outcomes even for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among women.

    Mar 28, 2014 The RAND Blog

  • woman getting her blood pressure checked by a doctor in a bright room

    Caring for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes, Why Gender Matters

    High-quality routine care for both cardiovascular disease and diabetes is at least as relevant to women's health and survival as it is to men's. Yet evidence suggests that women continue to face gaps in even low-cost, routine aspects of care.

    Feb 27, 2014 Girl with Pen, Bedside Manners blog

  • College students pass out free condoms at a health fair

    Can Catholic Colleges Block Free Condom Distribution?

    If this issue were to be decided on the basis of public health benefits, the outcome would be clear: Condoms indisputably prevent both unintended pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections, writes Chloe Bird.

    Apr 23, 2013 Ms. Magazine

  • nurse checking woman's heart with stethoscope

    Making Heart Disease a Women's Issue

    When it comes to women's health, cancer gets a good deal of the attention; somehow, it hasn’t fully registered that so many of our mothers, sisters, friends and daughters are being affected by another, often silent killer, writes Chloe E. Bird.

    Mar 22, 2013 Ms. Magazine

  • Birth control pills

    California Improves on Affordable Care Act by Letting RNs Dispense Birth Control

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality and cost-effective healthcare to more Americans, states may study California as a potential model for how to do more to deliver on what the Affordable Care Act has to offer women, while saving money at the same time, writes Chloe Bird.

    Oct 9, 2012 Ms. Magazine

  • Four red takeout cups with a cup holder, cup, red, soda, cola, four, disposable, paper, drink, straw, lid, beverage, container, cardboard, fizzy, takeout, isolated on white, isolated, white, closeup, fastfood, fast food, fast-food, cup holder, cupholder, takeaway, take-out, take out food, take out, take away, single use, pop, soft, food, plastic, cold, non-alcoholic, recycle, equipment, unhealthy, cafe, liquid, carbonated, brew, single-use, sweet, tea, water, refreshment, cap

    Can Improving the Options Improve Our Choices and Outcomes?

    Much of the talk has focused on how New York City's ban on sugary drinks, intended to curb obesity by improving dietary choices for consumers, will restrict individuals’ options. Of course, even after the ban, consumers can still buy a second soda. But they might want to take a moment to think about the consequences before doing so, writes Chloe Bird.

    Sep 18, 2012 The RAND Blog

  • woman with doctor

    Supporting Comprehensive Health Care for Women Makes Dollars, and Sense

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality, and cost-effective health care to more Americans, we can't afford to ignore women's health issues, including reproductive health care and the cost savings that contraceptive access provides, writes Chloe Bird.

    Sep 5, 2012 The RAND Blog

  • A woman eats a hamburger

    Bedside Manners: Obesity Is Not All Your Fault

    We will be more successful at stemming the growing tide of obesity and improving our own health if everyone accepts their share of responsibility for the obesity epidemic, write Chloe E. Bird and Tamara Dubowitz.

    Jul 26, 2012 Girl with Pen, Bedside Manners blog

  • Women's health rally in front of the Supreme Court building

    Celebrating Birth Control on Mother's Day? Not as Counterintuitive as It Sounds

    Reliable birth control contributed to economic development by reducing women's risk of dropping out of school associated with early childbearing and high fertility rates, contributing in turn to increases in women's labor force participation, the continuity of their careers, and the standard of living of women, children and families, writes Chloe Bird.

    May 11, 2012 Ms. Magazine