Chloe E. Bird

Photo of Chloe Bird
Senior Social Scientist; Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
Santa Monica Office


Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; B.A. in sociology, Oberlin College

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact the RAND Office of Media Relations at (310) 451-6913, or email

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Chloe E. Bird is a senior social scientist at the RAND Corporation, where she studies women's health and determinants of gender differences in health and health care. She is also a member of the Pardee RAND Graduate School faculty. She recently served as editor-in-chief of the journal Women's Health Issues, where she is now associate editor. Her recent work includes a study assessing and mapping gender disparities in quality of care for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, among VA patients in California and Texas, and NIH-funded research on the impact of neighborhoods and behaviors on allostatic load, morbidity, and mortality. In her book Gender and Health: The Effects of Constrained Choice and Social Policies (Cambridge University Press, 2008), Bird and coauthor Patricia P. Rieker explore how policymakers and other stakeholders shape men's and women's opportunities to pursue a healthy life. They emphasize the need for research that informs stakeholders' decisions in order to improve women's health and reduce disparities. Bird is working to build a donor-funded Women's Heart Health Research and Policy Center at RAND to improve women's heart health by addressing deficits in women's health and health care. Bird received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Concurrent Non-RAND Positions

Special Advisor, NIH Office for Research on Women's Health; Associate Editor, Women’s Health Issues

Recent Projects

  • Mapping Gender Disparities in Cardiovascular Care in California. The study examines and maps gender differences in cardiovascular disease and diabetes care.
  • Women, Neighborhoods, and Coronary Heart Disease: A Perspective Study. The objective of the project is to examine the impact of neighborhood factors on women's development of CHD.
  • Neighborhoods, Behaviors, Allostatic Load, and Health. The study explores how neighborhood context affects and interacts with individual behavior and biology to determine health and disease.
  • Assessing and Mapping VA Quality of Care by Gender Project

Selected Publications

Yunsheng Ma, James R. Hébert, Raji Balasubramanian, Nicole Wedick, Barbara V. Howard, Milagros C. Rosal, Simin Liu, Chloe E. Bird, Judith K. Ockene, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lawrence S. Phillips, Michael Lamonte, Kristin L. Schneider, Barbara C. Olendzki,, "All-cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortality in Postmenopausal White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Women with Diabetes: The Women’s Health Initiative 1993-2009," American Journal of Epidemiology, 178(10), 2013

Beth Ann Griffin, Christine Eibner, Chloe E. Bird, Adria Jewell, Karen Margolis, Regina Shih, Mary Ellen Slaughter, Eric A. Whitsel, Matthew Allison. José J. Escarce., "The Relationship between Urban Sprawl and Coronary Heart Disease in Women," Health & Place, 20, 2013

Yunsheng Ma, James R. Hébert, JoAnn E. Manson, Raji Balasubramanian, Simin Liu, Michael Lamonte, Chloe E. Bird, Judith K. Ockene, Yongxia Qiao, Barbara Olendzki, Kristin L. Schneider, Milagros C. Rosal, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Marcia Stefanick, Lawrence S., "Determinants of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Incidence of Diabetes in Postmenopausal Women in the United States: The Women’s Health Initiative 1993-2009.," Diabetes Care, 35(11), 2012

Craig E. Pollack, Mary Ellen Slaughter, Beth Ann Griffin, Tamara Dubowitz and Chloe E. Bird., "Neighborhood socioeconomic status and coronary heart disease risk prediction in a nationally representative sample.," Public Health, 126(10), 2012

Tamara Dubowitz, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Christine Eibner, Mary E. Slaughter, Meenakshi Fernandes, Eric A. Whitsel, Chloe E. Bird, Adria Jewell, Karen L. Margolis, Wenjun Li, Yvonne L. Michael, Regina A. Shih, JoAnn E. Manson and José J. Escarce, "The Women’s Health Initiative: The Food Environment, Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, BMI, and Blood Pressure," Obesity, 20(4), 2012

RA Shih, B Ghosh-Dastidar, KL Margolis, ME Slaughter, A Jewell, CE Bird, C Eibner, NL Denburg, J Ockene, CR Messina, MA Espeland, "Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Cognitive Function in Women," American Journal of Public Health, 101(9), 2011

Chloe E. Bird, Teresa Seeman, José J. Escarce, Ricardo Basurto-Davila, Brian Finch, Tamara Dubowitz, Melonie Heron, Lauren Hale, Sharon Stein Merkin, Margaret Weden, Nicole Lurie, "Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Status and Biological ‘Wear & Tear’ in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Adults," Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(860-5), 2010

Chloe E. Bird, Allen Fremont, Mark Hanson, Mapping Gender Gaps in Health Care, RAND Corporation (RB-9781), 2014

Honors & Awards

  • 2015 Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) “for improving understanding of how sociological processes and biological factors contribute to differences men’s and women’s health.”, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
  • 2015 Leadership Award, California Department of Managed Health Care “for improving women’s cardiovascular outcomes and reducing gender disparities”, California Department of Managed Health Care
  • 2006 Rockefeller Foundation Residency Fellowship at the Bellagio Center in Italy, Rockefeller Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: The Atlantic; Ms. Magazine; U.S. News & World Report

Commentary: Girl with Pen; Ms. Magazine; Sister to Sister; Women's Health Issues


  • A woman listening to her doctor

    Policy Barriers to Best Practices: The Impact of Restrictive State Regulations on Access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives

    Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods of birth control, which include the intrauterine device and subdermal implant, are highly effective, very safe, preferable to women, and cost effective. But some states' contraceptive policies create direct and indirect barriers to LARC use.

    Nov 6, 2015 Women's Health Issues

  • Woman feeding baby while using laptop and talking on phone

    UK and Europe Are Behind the Times for Single Mothers and Their Children

    Single parents head 10.4 percent of households with children across Europe — 20.4 percent in the UK — and the socioeconomic gap between single- and two-parent households continues to grow. Accessible and flexible work policies are needed to improve employment conditions for single parents, especially mothers.

    Mar 11, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • Stethoscope on woman's chest

    Should You Get Screened for Heart Disease?

    Many think of cardiovascular disease (CVD) primarily as a male problem. But one in three adult women has some form of CVD, which has killed more American women than men every year since 1984. Cardiovascular risk assessments can help women understand their current risk and health behaviors.

    Jul 24, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Woman sitting at a desk looking at her watch

    I'm Too Busy for Exercise I Just Don't Have the Time

    As hard as it can be to make time for exercise, failing to do so isn't a time-saver. It might seem so for a day or two, but you will feel the result of not exercising in the reductions in your energy, ability to focus and cope, and in your quality of sleep.

    Jul 17, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Young woman cycling

    Take the Morality Out of Health Choices: Stop the Blame Game

    Framing positive health behaviors as good or virtuous and less effective or harmful ones as bad trips most people up on a regular basis. People would do well to think of positive health behaviors—such as getting a good night's sleep or eating healthy foods—as doing what works, rather than as being virtuous.

    Jul 10, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • A woman at work taking the stairs

    Improving Your Health: Small Steps Can Yield Big Benefits

    It is worth making changes in your everyday choices and actions in order to improve your health. Real benefits in terms of increases in energy, improved sleep, and reduced cardiovascular disease risk are attainable.

    Jul 2, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • Woman at a gym with a fitness trainer

    Have You Estimated Your Cardiovascular Risk?

    Research suggests that setting a baseline by getting an estimate of your individual cardiovascular risk can help you see more clearly what you have at stake and what you can do to improve your chances of a long and healthy life.

    Jun 26, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • doctor taking a patient's blood pressure

    5 Steps to Decrease Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

    Five steps could help reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease, especially if you track your efforts: know your risk, increase physical activity, reduce sedentary time, improve nutrition, and get enough sleep.

    Jun 11, 2014 Sister to Sister

  • mother, daughter, granddaughter

    Assessing and Addressing Women's Health and Health Care

    Women make up a majority of the U.S. population. Yet research policies and practices often treat women's health and health care as special topics or minority issues. The resulting knowledge gaps hamstring efforts to improve women's health care and outcomes even for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among women.

    Mar 28, 2014 The RAND Blog

  • woman getting her blood pressure checked by a doctor in a bright room

    Caring for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes, Why Gender Matters

    High-quality routine care for both cardiovascular disease and diabetes is at least as relevant to women's health and survival as it is to men's. Yet evidence suggests that women continue to face gaps in even low-cost, routine aspects of care.

    Feb 27, 2014 Girl with Pen, Bedside Manners blog

  • College students pass out free condoms at a health fair

    Can Catholic Colleges Block Free Condom Distribution?

    If this issue were to be decided on the basis of public health benefits, the outcome would be clear: Condoms indisputably prevent both unintended pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections, writes Chloe Bird.

    Apr 23, 2013 Ms. Magazine

  • nurse checking woman's heart with stethoscope

    Making Heart Disease a Women's Issue

    When it comes to women's health, cancer gets a good deal of the attention; somehow, it hasn’t fully registered that so many of our mothers, sisters, friends and daughters are being affected by another, often silent killer, writes Chloe E. Bird.

    Mar 22, 2013 Ms. Magazine

  • Birth control pills

    California Improves on Affordable Care Act by Letting RNs Dispense Birth Control

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality and cost-effective healthcare to more Americans, states may study California as a potential model for how to do more to deliver on what the Affordable Care Act has to offer women, while saving money at the same time, writes Chloe Bird.

    Oct 9, 2012 Ms. Magazine

  • Four red takeout cups with a cup holder, cup, red, soda, cola, four, disposable, paper, drink, straw, lid, beverage, container, cardboard, fizzy, takeout, isolated on white, isolated, white, closeup, fastfood, fast food, fast-food, cup holder, cupholder, takeaway, take-out, take out food, take out, take away, single use, pop, soft, food, plastic, cold, non-alcoholic, recycle, equipment, unhealthy, cafe, liquid, carbonated, brew, single-use, sweet, tea, water, refreshment, cap

    Can Improving the Options Improve Our Choices and Outcomes?

    Much of the talk has focused on how New York City's ban on sugary drinks, intended to curb obesity by improving dietary choices for consumers, will restrict individuals’ options. Of course, even after the ban, consumers can still buy a second soda. But they might want to take a moment to think about the consequences before doing so, writes Chloe Bird.

    Sep 18, 2012 The RAND Blog

  • woman with doctor

    Supporting Comprehensive Health Care for Women Makes Dollars, and Sense

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality, and cost-effective health care to more Americans, we can't afford to ignore women's health issues, including reproductive health care and the cost savings that contraceptive access provides, writes Chloe Bird.

    Sep 5, 2012 The RAND Blog

  • A woman eats a hamburger

    Bedside Manners: Obesity Is Not All Your Fault

    We will be more successful at stemming the growing tide of obesity and improving our own health if everyone accepts their share of responsibility for the obesity epidemic, write Chloe E. Bird and Tamara Dubowitz.

    Jul 26, 2012 Girl with Pen, Bedside Manners blog

  • Women's health rally in front of the Supreme Court building

    Celebrating Birth Control on Mother's Day? Not as Counterintuitive as It Sounds

    Reliable birth control contributed to economic development by reducing women's risk of dropping out of school associated with early childbearing and high fertility rates, contributing in turn to increases in women's labor force participation, the continuity of their careers, and the standard of living of women, children and families, writes Chloe Bird.

    May 11, 2012 Ms. Magazine