This research brief describes work documented in Evaluation of the CHAMPUS Reform Initiative: Vol. 2, Beneficiary Access and Satisfaction (R-4244/2-HA), Evaluation of the CHAMPUS Reform Initiative: Vol. 3, Health Care Utilization and Costs (R-4244/3-HA) and Evaluation of the CHAMPUS Reform Initiative: Vol. 6, Implementation and Operations (R-4244/6-HA).

Excerpt: Hospitals and clinics staffed largely by military personnel care for the health of active-duty servicemembers and — to the extent space is available — the dependents of those servicemembers, along with retired servicemembers and their dependents. To the extent space is not available, health care for these civilians is provided through a program called Tricare, previously known as the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS). Until the late 1980s, CHAMPUS was operated solely in the manner of a civil-sector indemnity insurance plan, compensating civilian health providers for expenses incurred above certain deductibles and net of beneficiaries' copayments.

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