Countering Violent Extremism in Australia and Abroad

A Framework for Characterising CVE Programs in Australia, the United States, and Europe

by Andrew Lauland, Jennifer D. P. Moroney, John G. Rivers, Jacopo Bellasio, Kate Cameron


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As countries around the world develop countering violent extremism (CVE) programs to prevent homegrown terrorism, there is a dearth of understanding about what types of CVE programs exist and which CVE approaches are most effective. (CVE is a relatively new, and potentially still evolving, term for a set of programs that share ties to, but are distinct from, traditional counterterrorism efforts and domestically focused law enforcement activities, such as community policing.) Significant differences exist across nations in terms of CVE strategy and approach, how long government-funded efforts have been underway, and how government and other partners and stakeholders work together.

This report documents an effort to help CVE program directors and policymakers in Australia place their efforts in context and identify promising approaches internationally. The authors developed a general framework for characterising CVE programs and then interviewed project staff at and collected information on two promising Australian CVE programs. Using this framework and the results of the interviews and data collection, the project team analysed the Australian programs to identify their primary characteristics, and then examined publicly available information to identify programs in Europe and the United States with goals, approaches, and target populations similar to the Australian programs. This method for mapping programs against goals and activity types could facilitate information exchange across countries.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One:


  • Chapter Two:


  • Chapter Three:

    Countering Violent Extremism in Australia

  • Chapter Four:

    Multicultural New South Wales: The Point Magazine

  • Chapter Five:

    The Australian Multicultural Foundation: Community Awareness Training Manual — Building Resilience in the Community Program

  • Chapter Six:

    Comparable CVE Programs in Europe and the United States

  • Chapter Seven:

    Findings and Conclusions

  • Appendix A:

    Illustrative Overview of Australian CVE Programs

  • Appendix B:

    U.S. DHS-Funded CVE Programs

  • Appendix C:

    Survey Instrument

Research conducted by

This project is a RAND Venture. Funding was provided by gifts from RAND supporters and income from operations. The research was conducted by RAND Australia working with the RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy within International Programs.

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