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Research Questions

  1. What publications are related to government and other relevant vetting processes and procedures?
  2. What are the new or emerging areas of insight related to potential personnel vetting improvements?

U.S. government vetting processes and procedures for public trust and national security positions are evolving to improve their effectiveness and to incorporate new technological capabilities. The rise of social media and other sources of information not historically used for vetting purposes are increasingly enhancing legacy vetting systems that otherwise might not uncover a prospective government employee's or contractor's propensity to cause harm to national security institutions. This reform effort is intended to protect government systems, information, and assets by ensuring aligned, effective, efficient, secure, and reciprocal processes to support a trusted federal workforce.

The authors researched, reviewed, and assembled a selected bibliography of relevant literature related to government and other relevant vetting processes and procedures. The bibliography is organized into 13 categories, each containing a short summary and analysis of the respective literature. The bibliography addresses current U.S. government practices, policies, and procedures, as well as those of the United States' Five Eyes (FVEY) community partners (the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada), and it also highlights research conducted by others within the private sector and by academic institutions.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Personnel Vetting Practices

  • Chapter Three

    Preinvestigation and Investigation

  • Chapter Four

    Adjudication and Adjudication Bias

  • Chapter Five

    Suitability, Fitness, and Contractor Vetting

  • Chapter Six

    Insider Threats

  • Chapter Seven

    Continuous Monitoring and Continuous Evaluation

  • Chapter Eight

    Trust in the Workplace

  • Chapter Nine

    Asset Protection

  • Chapter Ten

    Organizational Resiliency and Risk Assessment

  • Chapter Eleven

    Fraud Detection

  • Chapter Twelve

    Credentialing

  • Chapter Thirteen

    Information Sharing and Reciprocity

  • Chapter Fourteen

    Five Eyes Partner Practices

  • Appendix A

    Table of Bibliography Sources, by Category

  • Appendix B

    U.S. Policy and Law Relevant for Categories

  • Appendix C

    Boolean Search Terms and Strings

This research was sponsored by the Performance Accountability Council Program Management Office and conducted within the Cyber and Intelligence Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.

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