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The report analyses admission systems to higher education across ten countries, covering some countries of the European Union (France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Sweden and the United Kingdom), a candidate country (Turkey) as well as common international comparators (Australia, Japan and the US). These countries are compared on three axes: the equity of admissions, their quality and their ability to encourage students' mobility. Recommendations are made to support greater cooperation between member states in admissions in the European Union. This report was co-authored by RAND Europe and LSEEnterprise, the consultancy branch of the London School of Economics and was commissioned by the European Parliament.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two


  • Chapter Three

    Variety of Admission Systems: An Overview

  • Chapter Four

    The Equity of Admissions Systems

  • Chapter Five

    The Quality of Admissions Systems

  • Chapter Six

    Enabling Mobility Through Admissions Systems

  • Chapter Seven

    Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Annex One

    List of interviewee by country

  • Annex Two

    Overview of requirements to access higher education: leaving certificate, subjects and other qualifications

  • Annex Three

    Main actors in admission process to higher education

  • Annex Four

    The cost of enrolment to higher education

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education and conducted by RAND Europe.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research report series. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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