The authors explore how technology — especially artificial intelligence (AI) — has affected occupations in the United States in recent history by using natural language processing to sift through technology patents. They assess how AI has shifted exposure, how exposure to technology fluctuates over time, whether new technology reduces the need for human labor, and college degrees and routine cognitive tasks as indicators of exposure.
Funding for this research was provided by gifts from RAND supporters and income from operations. The research was conducted by RAND Education and Labor.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Visualization series. RAND visualizations present graphical or interactive views of data and information from a published, peer-reviewed product or a body of published work.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.