What Are Achievement Gains Worth -- to Teachers?

Published in: Phi Delta Kappan, v. 93, no. 4, Dec. 2011/Jan. 2012, p. 52-56

Posted on RAND.org on December 01, 2011

by Julie A. Marsh, Daniel F. McCaffrey

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In 2007, New York City schools commenced a school-level pay-for-performance program for teachers and staff in about 200 schools. The authors found that the program didn't improve schools or student outcomes. Why? Because the program failed to create conditions that theory suggests are necessary for performance-based incentive programs to change behaviors, and the program did not appear to motivate teachers to change their behaviors.

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