Cover: Knowing and Doing

Knowing and Doing

What Teachers Learn from Formative Assessment and How They Use Information

Published In: Knowing and doing: What teachers learn from formative assessment and how they use the information / Frohbieter, G., Greenwald, E., Stecher, B. & Schwartz, H. CRESST Report 802. (Los Angeles, CA: University of California, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST), July 2011), 53 p

Posted on on July 01, 2011

by Greta Frohbieter, Eric Greenwald, Brian M. Stecher, Heather L. Schwartz

This study analyzed three different middle school mathematics formative assessment programs, examining how features of each program were associated with the information they provided to teachers and the manner in which teachers used the information. The research team found considerable variation in the information teachers obtained from each program and how they used it. They found that greater familiarity with the specific formative assessment system did seem to be accompanied by more integrated use during the school year. They also found that teachers seemed to find it easier to incorporate the systems that had pre-existing assessments than the system that put the burden for assessment design on their shoulders. The results from this study can aide teachers, administrators and other education stakeholders in deciding which formative assessment systems to adopt, planning for the implementation of formative assessment and providing adequate training for teachers, designing formative assessment systems that better meet teachers' needs, setting realistic expectations for the impact of formative assessment systems on a large scale, and lastly, understanding the impact of formative assessment in a particular context.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

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