Cover: Preventing Secondary Traumatic Stress in Educators

Preventing Secondary Traumatic Stress in Educators

Published in: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, v. 24, no. 2, Apr. 2015, p. 319-333

Posted on rand.org Apr 14, 2015

by Stephen Hydon, Marleen Wong, Audra K. Langley, Bradley D. Stein, Sheryl H. Kataoka

Teachers can be vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) because of their supportive role with students and potential exposure to students' experiences with traumas, violence, disasters, or crises. STS symptoms, similar to those found in posttraumatic stress disorder, include nightmares, avoidance, agitation, and withdrawal, and can result from secondary exposure to hearing about students' traumas. This article describes how STS presents, how teachers can be at risk, and how STS can manifest in schools. A US Department of Education training program is presented, and thoughts on future directions are discussed.

This report is part of the RAND external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.