Jan 1, 2001
The federal government provides funding to local school districts to offset a portion of the public school educational expenses of 416,000 children of military parents. This funding is awarded as part of the 50-year-old Impact Aid statute. Historically, lawmakers have been concerned that the presence of military facilities in an area might generate larger enrollments in a community without a corresponding increase in the local tax base. This report examines the workings of the Impact Aid law, especially as it relates to military children. We analyze whether Impact Aid funding is distributed equitably across districts, whether military-related children have comparable educational opportunities to other children, and whether a typical military-related student is more costly to educate than an average student.
Purposes, Formulas, and Historical Context of Impact Aid
Patterns of Military-Related Impact Aid Spending
Comparisons of Military-Related and Civilian School Districts
Extra Costs of Educating Military Children