Preparing for the Proven Inevitable
An Urban Operations Training Strategy for America’s Joint Force
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Because future military operations are likely to include actions in densely populated, built-up areas, joint and service training initiatives over the past decade have increasingly reflected an interest in preparing for such contingencies. To assist the military community in better orchestrating its resources to improve forcewide readiness for urban operations, RAND was asked to develop a joint urban training strategy for the period 2005-2011.
This report presents that strategy and describes the process used to develop it. The study identifies areas in need of redress and proposes ways in which the services — Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force — and other critical components of national capability can better ready themselves cooperatively for future urban operations.
The strategy is developed by using a modular approach, where a module is a collection of resources normally associated with a type of facility, simulation, or other capability used in the design or execution of training. This approach led to a five-step analytical process: (1) identify joint urban training requirements; (2) identify current and pending training capabilities; (3) identify the gaps between requirements and capabilities for the short term (2005–2007) and the longer term (2008–2011); (4) define a set of modules and assess how well they address the requirements; and (5) define the steps required to create the strategy, including consideration of the costs of the modules in terms of their ability to meet requirements and address shortfalls. The strategy described here is flexible and adaptable; as such it should evolve as new technologies emerge and international conditions change. It provides guidance and suggests a framework. But most of all, it imparts a responsibility to develop programs, plans, and guidance that address the many details needed to implement it.
Table of Contents
Identifying Joint Urban Training Requirements
Determining Current and Planned Joint Urban Training Facilities, Simulations, and Other Training Capabilities
What Are the Shortfalls Between Requirements and Capabilities?
Deriving Joint Urban Operations Training Modules
Developing a DoD-Wide Joint Urban Operations Training Strategy
Joint Training Definitions
Consolidated Joint Urban Training Requirements
Full List of Identified Requirements
RAND Urban Training Facility Survey
Matrix of Modules vs. Requirements