Feb 11, 2009
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Use of the Guard and Reserve has steadily increased since the first Gulf War in the early 1990s, and this trend is likely to continue as the Global War on Terror persists. Previous research on how deployments affect military families has focused almost exclusively on the Active Component; however, demographic differences between active component and reserve component families suggest that the latter may face different issues during deployment and consequently require different types of support. Castaneda et al. interviewed military family experts and guard and reserve service members and spouses about topics including family readiness for deployment, the problems and positives associated with deployment, family coping, resources used by these families for deployment support, and service member military career intentions. The authors analyzed data from over 600 interviews to provide a better understanding of the major issues faced by guard and reserve families, how they vary among families who differ demographically, and how they may relate to military career intentions. Castaneda et al. conclude with suggestions on how the Department of Defense can better support guard and reserve families, noting that such efforts can both promote general family well-being and increase service member readiness and retention.
What Are the Characteristics of Guard and Reserve Families?
How Ready Are Guard and Reserve Families?
What Problems Do Guard and Reserve Families Report?
What Positives Do Guard and Reserve Families Report?
How Well Do Guard and Reserve Families Cope?
What Resources Do Guard and Reserve Families Use During Deployment?
How Do Guard and Reserve Families' Retention Plans Differ?
What Are Guard and Reserve Families' Suggestions for Better Support?
Conclusion and Recommendations
Service Member and Spouse Interviews