Cover: What Is JADC2, and How Does It Relate to Training?

What Is JADC2, and How Does It Relate to Training?

An Air Force Perspective on Joint All Domain Command and Control

Published Jun 14, 2022

by Timothy Marler, Carra S. Sims, Ajay K. Kochhar, Christine Kistler LaCoste, Caitlin Lee, Matt Strawn, Mark Toukan

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Given anticipated changes in warfare, Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) is a critical new concept, but its definition and goals are still developing. For this concept to be effective, it must be clear across all echelons. There needs to be consistent communication, which requires a common language. In addition, for JADC2 to be implemented efficiently, various users must be well trained. With an eye toward developing appropriate training capabilities, this paper summarizes (1) the presumed need for JADC2 in adapting to anticipated changes in warfare, (2) the concept of JADC2, (3) the context for JADC2 development with respect to training infrastructure and capabilities, (4) the relevant organizations and processes for implementing JADC2 in the Air Force, and (5) implications with respect to different stages of training. Although JADC2 is inherently a joint concept, the authors view it through the lens of how the U.S. Air Force will contribute to it. This paper serves as a primer that organizations inside and outside the Air Force (and the U.S. Department of Defense) can use as a baseline for understanding this critical effort.

This paper was developed as part of a study exploring how the Operational Training Infrastructure environment and live, virtual, and constructive simulation–assisted training systems can help the Air Force develop and execute JADC2. The study focuses on training air operations center personnel. As the project progressed, it became clear that JADC2 and some other foundational concepts might be unclear to many interlocutors. Therefore, a baseline is needed for common concepts and terminology that can help move the discussion forward. The authors attempt to bring various JADC2 users into the discussion as early as possible, and thus help align JADC2 capabilities with users' needs and concerns.

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This work was sponsored by Headquarters Air Force and conducted within the Workforce, Development, and Health Program of RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF).

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