Evolution of Department of Defense Disability Evaluation and Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Brain Injury
May 10, 2021
The authors analyze trends in disability outcomes by identifying cohorts of service members who were diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or traumatic brain injury (TBI) and look prospectively at medical discharge and other career outcomes. They also look retrospectively at service members who were medically discharged with a disability rating for PTSD or TBI and examine trends in diagnoses, treatments, and other service outcomes.
|Add to Cart||Paperback194 pages||$39.00||$31.20 20% Web Discount|
Since 2001, more than 3 million service members have deployed in support of multiple combat operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other theaters. Many have been diagnosed with the "signature wounds" of these conflicts: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI). During the intervening years, the process by which service members are evaluated for disability has evolved significantly, including a complete overhaul of the Disability Evaluation System (DES) beginning in 2007. Meanwhile, the Department of Defense (DoD) and the services made policy changes and initiated other efforts to improve screening for PTSD and TBI, encourage service members to seek treatment, improve quality of care, and reduce the stigma associated with treatment for these conditions.
To explore these changes, as well as their potential effects on the numbers and characteristics of service members who are evaluated through DES, the authors identify and assess trends in DES outcomes for PTSD and TBI between 2002 and 2017.
Methods and Data
Trends in Disability Evaluations and Medical Discharges Among Cohorts of Service Members with a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis
Trends in the Timing of Disability Disposition After Diagnosis
Trends Among Cohorts of Service Members with a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or Traumatic Brain Injury Disability Rating
Creating the Analysis File
Characteristics of the Diagnosis Cohorts
Additional Department of Defense–Wide Results
Air Force Results
Marine Corps Results