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The authors conducted a literature review to identify promising risk communication approaches and messaging strategies that address the communication limitations or barriers facing vulnerable populations before, during, and after a public health emergency. The aims of the review were to describe promising communication strategies for public health emergency risk communication with vulnerable populations; to summarize the quality and content of the peer-reviewed literature and relevant statutes and regulations addressing public health emergency risk communication with vulnerable populations for all stages of emergency preparedness; and to identify gaps in the literature. The literature review informed the development of a compendium of communication materials and case studies of sites with promising approaches to risk communication for vulnerable populations.

The research in this report was prepared for the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, and conducted by RAND Health.

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