Among persons with or at-risk for symptomatic knee OA, there is evidence of depression subtypes characterized by distinct clusters of depressive symptoms that have differential effects on reports of pain and disability overtime.
Jun 14, 2019
Sexual Minority Disparities in Opioid Misuse, Perceived Heroin Risk and Heroin Access Among a National Sample of US Adults
LGB opioid disparities varied significantly by sexual identity &gender. All LGB subgroups had elevated lifetime pain reliever misuse. Bisexual women uniquely had elevated OUD rates and lifetime injection heroin use.
Jun 12, 2019
Differences in Substance Use Disparities Across Age Groups in a National Cross-Sectional Survey of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults
Using national data, we test for age differences in substance use disparities among LGB adults. Contrary to hypothesized decreased minority stress in recent generations, we find that disparities were not systematically smaller in younger age groups.
Feb 12, 2019
Relative Influence of Perceived Peer and Family Substance Use on Adolescent Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use Across Middle and High School
Substance use prevention efforts that seek to counter peer pressures should begin prior to middle school and span high school, and address the role of peer and family environments.
Disparities in Substance Use Behaviors and Disorders Among Adult Sexual Minorities by Age, Gender, and Sexual Identity
Disparities in substance use and disorders were most pronounced in young adulthood for gay/lesbian individuals and mid-adulthood for bisexual men; bisexual women uniquely experienced disparities across all ages. Minority stress experiences may vary with respect to gender, age/cohort, and sexual identity, resulting in differential risk for substance use.
Dec 27, 2018
Sensation seeking is a major risk risk factor associated with binge drinking and marijuana use for women but not men.
Jul 6, 2018
Integrating free tax services into hospital and community-based clinics serving children can help lift clients out of poverty by maximizing tax credits, which may ultimately improve child health.
Jul 3, 2018
Older age was the strongest predictor of undergoing potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) among individuals who were prescribed opioids. PIP was also associated with risk of adverse outcomes in both older and younger adults.
Marital Status as a Partial Mediator of the Associations Between Young Adult Substance Use and Subsequent Substance Use Disorder: Application of Causal Inference Methods
Remaining unmarried may be an important mechanism that perpetuates substance use among heavy alcohol users and moderate and heavy marijuana users.
Pain Severity as a Mediator of the Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Performance in Knee Osteoarthritis
This study examined whether pain severity mediates the association between depressive symptoms and physical performance in persons with radiographic knee osteoarthritis.
Medicare Beneficiaries With Advanced Lung Cancer Experience Diverse Patterns Of Care From Diagnosis To Death
The substantial variations across sites in patterns of end-of-life care for patients with cancer should be factored in to efforts to improve care.
Aug 1, 2017
Variation in the 12-Month Treatment Trajectories of Children and Adolescents After a Diagnosis of Depression
Characterizing heterogeneity in treatment for depression is central to understanding the factors driving variation in treatment in youths.
The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of three treatment modalities for adolescent substance use: biological drug screening (BDS), Motivational Enhancement Therapy-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MET/CBT5), and BDS combined with MET/CBT5, relative to no treatment.
Mar 1, 2014