Disparities in Social and Economic Determinants of Health by Sexual Identity, Gender, and Age: Results from the 2015–2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Characterizing disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and heterosexual adults across multiple health determinants, we found that LGB females experience significant economic disparities and all LGB subgroups exhibited disparities on some social determinants of health.
Sep 2, 2021
This workshop provides an overview of key methodological challenges faced when evaluating the effectiveness of state-level policy using annual state-level data, as well as potential solutions and practice guidelines.
Jun 24, 2021
Drawing on national retail pharmacy data, researchers identified and categorized clinicians who prescribed buprenorphine for OUD at least once between January 2017 and December 2018.
Jun 10, 2021
Associations Between Depression Subtype and Functional Impairment and Treatment Utilization in a National Sample of Adolescents
Prior studies have characterized distinct major depressive episode (MDE) subtypes among adults, yet limited evidence exists regarding variation in MDE during adolescence.
Apr 27, 2021
We find ecological evidence consistent with racial/ethnic disparities in buprenorphine distribution. Our finding that initiatives to increase the number of waivered prescribers are insufficient to achieve equitable buprenorphine access.
Apr 27, 2021
An analysis of migraine diagnostic symptoms among women experiencing migraine from the WGHS recruitment sample to assess whether there were clusters of specific symptoms that might also have a genetic basis.
Feb 19, 2021
Associations Between Mental and Physical Health Conditions and Occupational Impairments in the U.S. Military
Common mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and PTSD showed robust associations with absenteeism and presenteeism among active duty U.S. military service members.
Feb 19, 2021
Racial/ethnic Differences in Prescription Opioid Misuse and Heroin Use Among a National Sample, 1999–2018
We compared relative prevalences across 6 racial/ethnic groups for prescription opioid misuse analyses and 4 racial/ethnic groups for heroin analyses.
Feb 19, 2021
In this paper, we provide an overview of methodological challenges facing opioid policy researchers when conducting opioid policy evaluation studies using observational data, as well as some potential solutions to those challenges.
Jan 20, 2021
The authors describe the behavioral health of racial/ethnic minority, women, and sexual-minority service members relative to their majority-group peers and examine minority–majority group differences in the military versus civilian populations.
Dec 17, 2020
Substance Use Disparities at the Intersection of Sexual Identity and Race/Ethnicity: Results from the 2015–2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Disparities were most pronounced among racial/ethnic minority LGB women, which may reflect their unique experiences of discrimination at the intersection of multiple minority identities. However, racial/ethnic minority gay and bisexual men were not at elevated risk relative to their White counterparts.
Jul 17, 2020
The rigor of study design varies notably across policy categories, highlighting the need for broader adoption of rigorous methods in opioid policy research.
Jul 7, 2020
Association Between Disease Progression and Depression Onset in Persons with Radiographic Knee Osteoarthritis
In summary, study findings indicate that greater structural disease severity and decreased physical performance increase the risk of depression onset among individuals with radiographic knee osteoarthritis.
Jun 25, 2020
Heterogeneity in Prescription Opioid Pain Reliever Misuse Across Age Groups: 2015–2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Results demonstrating heterogeneity in prescription opioid misuse characteristics across age groups highlight the need for a diverse range of clinical and policy responses.
Mar 5, 2020
Sexual Minority Substance Use Disparities: Bisexual Women at Elevated Risk Relative to Other Sexual Minority Groups
The objective of this study is to test for differences in the prevalence of a range of substance use behaviors and disorders across LGBT individuals of the same gender using a nationally representative sample of adults.
Dec 20, 2019
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults report higher rates of smoking and alcohol use than heterosexual peers. Prior studies have not examined whether disparities in early initiation among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth contribute to adult disparities.
Dec 11, 2019
This study examines the associations between college attendance and subsequent alcohol and marijuana use behaviors at multiple ages during young adulthood and adulthood, while rigorously controlling for baseline differences by college type.
Sep 24, 2019
Among persons with or at-risk for symptomatic knee OA, there is evidence of depression subtypes characterized by distinct clusters of depressive symptoms that have differential effects on reports of pain and disability overtime.
Jun 14, 2019
Sexual Minority Disparities in Opioid Misuse, Perceived Heroin Risk and Heroin Access Among a National Sample of US Adults
LGB opioid disparities varied significantly by sexual identity &gender. All LGB subgroups had elevated lifetime pain reliever misuse. Bisexual women uniquely had elevated OUD rates and lifetime injection heroin use.
Jun 12, 2019
Differences in Substance Use Disparities Across Age Groups in a National Cross-Sectional Survey of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults
Using national data, we test for age differences in substance use disparities among LGB adults. Contrary to hypothesized decreased minority stress in recent generations, we find that disparities were not systematically smaller in younger age groups.
Feb 12, 2019
Pain Severity as a Mediator of the Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Performance in Knee Osteoarthritis
This study examined whether pain severity mediates the association between depressive symptoms and physical performance in persons with radiographic knee osteoarthritis.
Feb 7, 2019
Older age was the strongest predictor of undergoing potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) among individuals who were prescribed opioids. PIP was also associated with risk of adverse outcomes in both older and younger adults.
Jan 29, 2019
Marital Status as a Partial Mediator of the Associations Between Young Adult Substance Use and Subsequent Substance Use Disorder: Application of Causal Inference Methods
Remaining unmarried may be an important mechanism that perpetuates substance use among heavy alcohol users and moderate and heavy marijuana users.
Jan 29, 2019
Disparities in Substance Use Behaviors and Disorders Among Adult Sexual Minorities by Age, Gender, and Sexual Identity
Disparities in substance use and disorders were most pronounced in young adulthood for gay/lesbian individuals and mid-adulthood for bisexual men; bisexual women uniquely experienced disparities across all ages. Minority stress experiences may vary with respect to gender, age/cohort, and sexual identity, resulting in differential risk for substance use.
Dec 27, 2018
Relative Influence of Perceived Peer and Family Substance Use on Adolescent Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use Across Middle and High School
Substance use prevention efforts that seek to counter peer pressures should begin prior to middle school and span high school, and address the role of peer and family environments.
Dec 20, 2018
Sensation seeking is a major risk risk factor associated with binge drinking and marijuana use for women but not men.
Jul 6, 2018
Integrating free tax services into hospital and community-based clinics serving children can help lift clients out of poverty by maximizing tax credits, which may ultimately improve child health.
Jul 3, 2018
Variation in the 12-Month Treatment Trajectories of Children and Adolescents After a Diagnosis of Depression
Characterizing heterogeneity in treatment for depression is central to understanding the factors driving variation in treatment in youths.
Jan 24, 2018
Medicare Beneficiaries With Advanced Lung Cancer Experience Diverse Patterns Of Care From Diagnosis To Death
The substantial variations across sites in patterns of end-of-life care for patients with cancer should be factored in to efforts to improve care.
Aug 1, 2017
The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of three treatment modalities for adolescent substance use: biological drug screening (BDS), Motivational Enhancement Therapy-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (MET/CBT5), and BDS combined with MET/CBT5, relative to no treatment.
Mar 1, 2014