Christian van Stolk

Photo of Christian Van Stolk
Executive Vice President, RAND Europe
Cambridge Office


Ph.D. in government, London School of Economics; M.A. in international relations and international economics, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact RAND Europe Media Relations at +44 (1223) 353 329, x2560, or email

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Christian van Stolk is executive vice president at RAND Europe. He has worked extensively on health and wellbeing in the workplace. His research in the past has focused on improving the health and wellbeing of staff in the National Health Service in the UK, maintaining and gaining employment for those with common mental health conditions, building an evidence base for health interventions in workplace settings, and looking at the relationship between productivity and health and wellbeing outcomes.

Over the years, van Stolk has advised large private sector employers, the UK government, European institutions, the OECD, and the World Bank. He currently manages RAND's work on the Britain's Healthiest Workplace competition with Vitality Health and Asia’s Healthiest Workplace competitions with AIA.

He sits on several expert panels for the UK government including those on occupational health, mental health, and employee health and wellbeing in the NHS. He holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and Political Science and fellowships at the Royal Society of Medicine and Royal Society of the Arts.

Concurrent Non-RAND Positions

Trustee of the Nuffield Trust; Non Executive Director at Turning Point

Recent Projects

  • Employment priorities in the European Union
  • Health and well-being in the workplace
  • Future of social policy in the EU

Selected Publications

M Hafner, E Yerushalmi, C Fays, E Dufresne, C van Stolk, COVID-19 and the cost of vaccine nationalism, RAND Corporation (RR-A769-1), 2020

M Hafner, E Yerushalmi, W Phillips, J Pollard, A Deshpande, M Whitmore, F Millard, S Subel, C van Stolk, The economic benefits of a more physically active population: An international analysis, RAND Corporation (RR-4291), 2019

M Hafner, J Pollard, C van Stolk, Incentives and physical activity: An assessment of the association between Vitality's Active Rewards with Apple Watch benefit and sustained physical activity improvements, RAND Corporation (RR-2870), 2018

M Hafner, M Stepanek, J Taylor, W Troxel, C van Stolk, Why sleep matters — the economic costs of insufficient sleep: A cross-country comparative analysis, RAND Corporation (RR-1791), 2016

M Hafner, C van Stolk, C Saunders, J Krapels, B Baruch, Health, wellbeing and productivity in the workplace: A Britain's Healthiest Company summary report, RAND Corporation (RR-1084), 2015

Honors & Awards

  • Senior Associate, Royal Society of Medicine
  • Fellow, Royal Society of Arts

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: BFM 89.9; Cape Talk 567 AM Online; Classic FM 102.7, South Africa; Encompass


  • A woman cycles past parked electric scooters in Cambridge, UK, January 14, 2022, photo by Andrew Couldridge/Reuters

    How to Improve Quality of Life in Greater Cambridge: The Perspective of Local Organisational and Community Leaders

    The Cambridge, UK, area performs well in different dimensions of quality of life. However real-life experience differs significantly across communities and across measurements.

    Mar 31, 2022 The RAND Blog

  • A worker stands next to the shipment of 600,000 doses COVID-19 vaccines donated by China at the Phnom Penh International Airport, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, February 7, 2021, photo by Cindy Liu/Reuters

    Equal, Rapid Access to Vaccines Is More Important Than Ever as New COVID-19 Variants Emerge

    Vaccine nationalism could prolong the pandemic and lead to preventable deaths. If some countries don't receive timely access to vaccines, then the virus will continue to spread in some populations, mutate further, and potentially render existing vaccines less effective.

    Feb 9, 2021 The RAND Blog

  • Tired healthcare worker crouching in corridor, photo by Morsa Images/Getty Images

    It May Be Time to Rethink the Design of Jobs to Deliver Good Health for Workers

    Even before the COVID-19 crisis, the impact of poorly designed jobs on the health of workers was drawing attention. Now may be the time to fundamentally rethink the design of jobs so that they promote good health and lessen poor health and its costs.

    Sep 25, 2020 Warwick Institute for Employment Research

  • Back view of a woman working on a computer in her home office, photo by borchee/Getty Images

    Managing the Challenge of Workforce Presenteeism in the COVID-19 Crisis

    Presenteeism occurs when people work when in suboptimal health. Both presenteeism and absenteeism are key influences on workplace productivity, but presenteeism is by far the most significant. It's vital that employers identify and deal with presenteeism, for the health of their people as well as that of the organization.

    Sep 25, 2020 Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development

  • British Prime Minister Boris Johnson (center) speaks in a videoconference with the heads of the European Union in London, UK, June 15, 2020, photo by Andrew Parsons/No10 Downing Street/Reuters

    The Cost of Brexit Uncertainty and the Negative Implications for the UK Economy

    Leaving the European Union has had an overall negative economic effect on the UK economy, and there are additional economic costs associated with the uncertainty surrounding the new relationship. Will there be a deal? And if so, what type of deal is likely?

    Jul 8, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • A women walks past an employment agency in London, June 16, 2020, photo by John Sibley/Reuters

    Long-Term Furloughs During COVID-19 Hold Risks for Employee Health and Well-Being

    Governments around the world have offered furlough schemes to try to delay employers from making any restructuring decisions during the pandemic. The aims of such programs are laudable. But they may come with unintended consequences.

    Jun 15, 2020 The Council for Work and Health

  • Polygonal image of COVID-19 virus superimposed on a digital world map, photo by Andrii Pokliatskyi/Getty Images

    Global Challenges to Maintaining a Healthy Workforce During a Pandemic: Views from RAND Experts

    As nations across the globe remain in lockdown to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, questions about the future of employment and workforce productivity emerge. During a recent webinar, RAND experts discussed how to get people back to work and improve productivity post COVID-19.

    May 15, 2020

  • Medical staff are seen at the NHS Nightingale Hospital at the ExCel Centre as the spread of COVID-19 continues, in London, Britain, April 14, 2020, photo by John Sibley/Reuters

    Looking After Those Who Look After Us—How COVID-19 May Affect NHS Staff

    COVID-19 may leave a long legacy of poor health and well-being in the National Health Service workforce. This could affect quality of care and the financial performance of the system. We need to ensure that NHS organizations provide significant support for health care workers.

    Apr 15, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • Woman working at home at a computer, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    It Is More Important Than Ever for Employers to Look After Staff Health and Wellbeing

    COVID-19 will likely have a direct effect on the health and wellbeing of employees. While many employers responding to the COVID-19 crisis have understandably been concerned with business resilience, processes, and performance, it is important that they also continue to focus on the health and wellbeing of staff.

    Apr 9, 2020 The RAND Blog

  • A person in pajamas and slippers walking to the bathroom at the night, photo by Sergey Dogadin/Getty Images

    Waking Up to the Costs of Nocturia

    Nocturia is a troublesome lower urinary tract condition that causes people to wake up two or more times a night to empty their bladder. Researchers calculated the overall economic cost associated with nocturia in a working-age population across six countries.

    Jun 18, 2019 The RAND Blog

  • Medical students chat after a shift on the wards

    The Case for Investing in a More Healthy and Engaged Health Workforce

    Improving staff engagement leads to a variety of positive benefits. But defining and measuring engagement is not straightforward, and different demographic factors are associated with different levels of engagement. The National Health Service in England is looking at ways to increase engagement in its staff.

    Nov 8, 2018 The RAND Blog

  • German riot police enter the Hamburg SV supporters' block during a break in their German Bundesliga first division soccer match against Bayern Munich in Hamburg, Germany, May 3, 2014

    The Rules of the Game: Reducing Antisocial Behaviour and Violence at Football Events

    Violent behavior at football matches has garnered international media attention for decades even though the vast majority of matches pass without any significant violent incidents. Despite the widespread attention toward harmful behaviors, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of current practices targeting negative fan behavior.

    Aug 14, 2018 Policing Insight

  • Business people in an elevator

    How to Increase Participation in Workplace Health and Wellbeing Initiatives

    Many employers are actively looking at ways to improve health and well-being in their workplaces. Increasing employee participation in health and wellness programs requires strategies to address health risks, engagement with staff, and buy-in and support from management.

    May 10, 2018 Reward & Employee Benefits Association Annual Report

  • An unfinished monorail project in Sao Paulo, Brazil, March 3, 2016

    Regulating Infrastructures in the Tropics

    Regulation helps address the demands of investors who are seeking assurances that their investments are safe, while also reassuring democratically elected governments. Regulatory reform could help Brazil attract more private investment in its infrastructure.

    May 26, 2017 The RAND Blog

  • A woman worrying at her desk

    We Still Know Little About Financial Well-Being

    There is a clear link between UK employees being concerned about their finances and negative health and well-being. The challenge for researchers is that financial well-being is hard to measure.

    Feb 20, 2017 HRZone

  • Coworkers taking a break in the office to stretch

    Measuring What Works: Workplace Well-Being

    The link between productivity and well-being is recognized and increasingly accepted as a prerequisite of strong employer and employee performance. HR professionals and CEOs believe that high employee well-being means high staff engagement and a real intention to do well for the workforce.

    Nov 28, 2016 CIPD

  • Woman sitting on couch at home using mobile phone

    Thinking Outside the Box to Find Solutions to Mental Health Problems

    Many innovative ways to deliver mental health services in the UK aim to benefit individuals, industry, government, and the economy.

    Oct 19, 2016 The BMJ

  • A group of hospital staff members having a meeting in the corridor

    How Can Regulation Improve Quality of Care in the English Health Care System?

    Inspections have become more prominent in England's approach to health service regulation as a way to identify problems before they occur. But the evidence of regulation contributing to better quality of care in different systems is scarce.

    Nov 13, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • Closeup of hands of two people drinking and smoking

    Paying People to Change Behaviour in the UK: Lessons from Latin America

    Policymakers in Western countries seeking new policy levers to tackle costly lifestyle behaviors in the age of austerity may do well to take up programs based on cash incentives. Recent analysis of conditional payment programs in Latin America highlights some useful lessons.

    Mar 30, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • Couple getting counseling

    Putting UK Mental Health Services on the Road to Recovery

    If mental health problems are the most significant barrier preventing people on benefits from taking up employment, then why not transform how the system supports them? Policymakers could redirect some of the resources available to the benefit system towards improving mental health outcomes, and put more evidence-based interventions in place. The savings to the benefit system should logically pay for this investment.

    Feb 20, 2015 The RAND Blog

  • depressed woman at work

    Finding Work for Those with Common Mental Health Problems

    Employment has distinct health and wider personal benefits for people with common mental health problems and it is also associated with lower healthcare utilization, benefit savings, and income tax gains for the UK Government.

    Jan 20, 2014 The RAND Blog

  • Stressed businessman getting headache

    Under Pressure: How Europe Manages Psychosocial Risks in the Workplace

    During an economic downturn, employers are unlikely to put the mental health of their workers at the top of the agenda. But it is precisely in these circumstances that employers cannot afford to ignore the mental well-being of employees.

    Jul 17, 2013 The RAND Blog

  • UK nurse taking a woman's blood pressure

    NHS 24/7: An Effective Way to Improve Quality of Care?

    There are proposals to have England's National Health Service offer non-emergency service on weekends. Since there is a strong association between the health and well-being of staff and the quality of patient care, 24/7 working could have unintended consequences for patients.

    May 24, 2013 The RAND Blog

  • network engineer

    The Virtues of a '9 to 5' Job

    People who do shift work should be vigilant about their risk factors. At the same time, their employers—and the government—can do more to offer education and targeted screening programs to prevent or forestall disease, writes Christian van Stolk.

    Aug 23, 2012 The RAND Blog