Cover: Federal Programs Supporting Educational Change

Federal Programs Supporting Educational Change

Vol. I, A Model of Educational Change

Published 1974

by Paul Berman, Milbrey Wallin McLaughlin


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback36 pages $20.00

The first in a five-volume study of federally funded (change agent) programs designed to introduce and spread innovation practices in public schools. This report provides a theoretical perspective to the series by analyzing the current state of knowledge of planned change in education and by proposing the conceptual model of factors affecting change processes within school districts. The literature review reveals the need for a more systematic understanding of the process of implementation. Over time the innovative plan will become developed, operationalized, often revised, and "adapted," following the realities of its institutional setting. Implementation is the change process that occurs when an innovative project impinges on an organization. Thus the focus of research shifts away from measuring a project by its stated goals. What is important are the actual changes occurring as a result of the project, how and why they occur, and what effect they have on the organization's operation.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.