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The U.S. public health and health-care delivery systems are important components of our nation's preparedness against terrorism and other public health threats. The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the anthrax attacks later that year renewed government, public health, and medical personnel's awareness of chemical, biological, and, to a lesser extent, radiological and nuclear threats. It also underscored the importance of ensuring the nation's overall preparedness and ability to respond to terrorism and other public health emergencies. This document presents a broad overview of the U.S. public health response system, recent efforts to improve preparedness, challenges faced, and options for moving forward.

Posted with permission from WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices, edited by Stephen M. Maurer, chapter 11, pp. 305–328. Copyright © 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Originally published in WMD Terrorism: Science and Policy Choices, edited by Stephen M. Maurer, chapter 11, pp. 305-328.

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