This research brief describes work documented in Recent Recruiting Trends and Their Implications: Preliminary Analysis and Recommendations (MR-549-A/OSD), Military Recruiting Outlook: Recent Trends in Enlistment Propensity and Conversion of Potential Enlisted Supply (MR-677-A/OSD), Encouraging Recruiter Achievement: A Recent History of Military Recruiter Incentive Programs (MR-845-A/OSD), Estimating AFQT Scores for National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS) Respondents (MR-818-OSD/A), Recent Recruiting Trends and Their Implications for Models of Enlistment Supply (MR-847-OSD/A), Enlistment Decisions in the 1990s: Evidence From Individual-Level Data (MR-944-OSD/A) and Military Recruiting: Trends, Outlook, and Implications (MR-902-A/OSD).

Excerpt: In 1994, based on some worrisome trends and reports about changes in the recruiting environment, senior officials at the Department of Defense (DoD) expressed concern about DoD's ability to recruit sufficient numbers of high-quality youth (i.e., those who score well on written aptitude exams and have high school diplomas). Recruiting resources had been cut after the Gulf War, and reports circulated that youth had less interest in joining the military. Problems in meeting recruiting goals seemed to confirm this reported decline in interest. The Army Chief of Staff and the Deputy Secretary of Defense asked RAND to first make a quick assessment of the recruiting situation and then carry out a longer-term, in-depth analysis to examine recruiting trends, identify potential problems, and recommend ways to counter them.

This research brief describes work done in RAND's National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the unified commands, and the defense agencies, and in RAND Arroyo Center, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the U.S. Army.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation research brief series. RAND research briefs present policy-oriented summaries of individual published, peer-reviewed documents or of a body of published work.

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