Enhancing deterrence and defence on NATO’s northern flank
Mar 26, 2020
As a member of NATO, Norway supports efforts to enhance deterrence, crisis management and regional security in the North Atlantic and High North — including Scandinavia and northern Russia, as well as the waters of the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea and North Sea. To inform ongoing strategy and policy development, Norway commissioned RAND to gather insights into other NATO Allies' perspectives on strategic opportunities and challenges in the region.
Allied perspectives on strategic options for Norway
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As a founding member of NATO, Norway supports efforts to enhance deterrence, crisis management and regional security in the North Atlantic and High North — a region commonly understood to include territories in Scandinavia and northern Russia, as well as the surrounding waters of the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea and North Sea. To help ensure effective delivery of these tasks and inform ongoing strategy and policy development, Norway needs insight into other NATO Allies' perspectives on strategic opportunities and challenges in the region.
Researchers from RAND Europe and the RAND Corporation combined a targeted document review with expert workshops and field visits to gather and analyse evidence in support of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence's (MOD) strategy development, planning and defence policy. Researchers examined the perspectives of defence officials from Denmark, France, Germany, the UK, the US and NATO institutions and this analysis fed into a summary of findings alongside five strategic options for the MOD to consider.
Allied Perspectives on NATO in the High North
Allied Perspectives on Strategic Considerations for Norway
Strategic Implications and Options for Norway
List of Key Consultations
The research described in this report was prepared for the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and conducted by RAND Europe.
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