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The higher education councils for England and Wales and the Scottish funding council asked RAND Europe to review the preparation process for the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 within higher education institutions in the UK, in order to assess the process and understand how it could be further improved.

This report summarises the approach adopted for the evaluation and describes the key findings and observations arising from the analysis. It is intended for those responsible for the REF and, more broadly, for those in the higher education sector. It may also be of interest to others working in the evaluation of research impact.

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was prepared for the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), the Scottish Funding Council (SFC) and the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) and was conducted by RAND Europe.

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