Addressing Anti-Asian Racism Requires Gathering Better Information About the AAPI Community and Its Needs
Nov 30, 2021
Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Asian Americans have faced a wave of racism and hate incidents. The authors assess knowledge gaps around such racism and associated acts of violence and propose possible solutions to address it by conducting 20 semi-structured interviews with diverse stakeholders to identify key themes about the causes of, reaction to, and mitigation measures against anti-Asian racism in the context of the pandemic and beyond.
Next Steps for a Research Agenda
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Since the start of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Asian Americans have faced a wave of anti-Asian racism and hate incidents. The authors of this report assessed knowledge gaps around such racism and associated acts of violence and proposed possible solutions to address it by conducting 20 semi-structured interviews with diverse stakeholders in the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community to identify key themes about the causes of, reaction to, and mitigation measures against anti-Asian racism in the context of the pandemic and beyond.
The authors found that the recent wave of anti-Asian hate is inspired by public anxiety and fear about the pandemic and negative rhetoric about Asians by prominent politicians. Stakeholders who were interviewed also expressed that the recent incidents are part of a history of anti-Asian sentiment in the United States. Despite the challenges experienced by the community, this recent wave of violence has also galvanized the Asian American community. Solutions that were proposed included improving ways to report hate incidents, increasing public education, and identifying ways to increase the community's sense of safety and unity within and across racial and ethnic groups.
The authors propose three areas for additional research and action that can inform future policy solutions: finding ways to dismantle stereotypes, building AAPI communities' relationships with other groups, and supporting capacity-building in community organizations that serve the AAPI population.
Funding for this research was provided by gifts from RAND supporters and income from operations. The research was conducted by the Social and Behavioral Policy Program within RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
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